Isaac J George

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AIMS Myostatin inhibits myoblast differentiation/proliferation and may play a role in heart failure (HF) and reverse remodelling after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) support. This study sought to characterize myostatin expression and activation in advanced HF before and after LVAD support. METHODS AND RESULTS Left ventricular tissue pairs were(More)
BACKGROUND High-dose clenbuterol (a selective beta2-adrenergic agonist) has been proposed to promote myocardial recovery during left ventricular assist device (LVAD) support, but its effects on cardiac and skeletal muscle are largely unknown. METHODS Seven subjects with heart failure (5 ischemic, 2 non-ischemic) were started on oral clenbuterol 5 to 46(More)
OBJECTIVES (1) To examine the interaction of donor age with ischemic time and their effect on survival and (2) to define ranges of ischemic time associated with differences in survival. METHODS The United Network for Organ Sharing provided de-identified patient-level data. The study population included 33,640 recipients undergoing heart transplantation(More)
BACKGROUND Microarrays have been used extensively to profile transcriptome remodeling in failing human heart, although the genomic coverage provided is limited and fails to provide a detailed picture of the myocardial transcriptome landscape. Here, we describe sequencing-based transcriptome profiling, providing comprehensive analysis of myocardial mRNA,(More)
Aortic valve stenosis is the most common form of valvular heart disease in the elderly population and occurs frequently in conjunction with coronary artery disease. The standard treatment option for patients with these two conditions has been surgical aortic valve replacement and coronary artery bypass grafting. The arrival of transcatheter aortic valve(More)
BACKGROUND Transapical (TA) aortic valve replacement was an integral part of the Placement of Transcatheter Aortic Valves (PARTNER) trial. Enrollment during the randomized trial included 104 transapical (premarket approval TA [PMA-TA]) and 92 surgical aortic valve replacements (SAVR) within the TA cohort. On completion of the trial, enrollment continued in(More)
OBJECTIVE Del Nido (DN) cardioplegia solution provides a depolarized hyperkalemic arrest lasting up to 60 minutes, and the addition of lidocaine may limit intracellular calcium influx. Single-dose DN cardioplegia solution may offer an alternative myocardial protection strategy to multi-dose cold whole blood (WB) cardioplegia following acute myocardial(More)
BACKGROUND Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR), which often occurs in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF), may be a predictor for poor outcome. Phrenic nerve stimulation (PNS) may interrupt CSR in patients with CHF. We report the clinical use of transvenous PNS in patients with CHF and CSR. METHODS Nineteen patients with CHF and CSR were enrolled. A(More)
OBJECTIVE Biomaterials and textured surfaces in early pulsatile left ventricular assist devices (HeartMate I; Thoratec Corporation, Pleasanton, Calif) may increase immunologic risk through allosensitization. We hypothesized that axial-flow devices without biologic membranes or textured surfaces (HeartMate II; Thoratec; and DeBakey; MicroMed Cardiovascular,(More)
The occurrence of acute kidney injury (AKI) following aortic valve replacement (AVR) has very serious clinical implications and has therefore been the focus of several studies. The authors report the results of previous studies evaluating both transcatheter AVR (TAVR) and indirectly surgical AVR (SAVR) through looking at cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) cardiac(More)