Isaac Almendros

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The rheology of neutrophils in their passive and activated states plays a key role in determining their function in response to inflammatory stimuli. Atomic force microscopy was used to study neutrophil rheology by measuring the complex shear modulus G*(omega) of passive nonadhered rat neutrophils on poly(HEMA) and neutrophils activated through adhesion to(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To assess whether noninvasive application of nCPAP is a mechanical stimulus inducing early nasal inflammation. DESIGN Prospective controlled animal study. SETTING University laboratory. PATIENTS OR PARTICIPANTS 32 male Sprague-Dawley rats (250-300 g). INTERVENTIONS The rats were anesthetized and subjected to nCPAP=10 cm H2O and(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To test a cell model of snoring-induced airway inflammation and to assess whether a vibration stimulus simulating the one experienced by airway tissues in snoring patients induces inflammation in airway epithelial cells. DESIGN Prospective controlled study in cell culture. SETTING University laboratory. PATIENTS OR PARTICIPANTS Human(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To test the hypotheses that the dynamic changes in brain oxygen partial pressure (PtO(2)) in response to obstructive apneas or to intermittent hypoxia differ from those in other organs and that the changes in brain PtO(2) in response to obstructive apneas is a source of oxidative stress. DESIGN Prospective controlled animal study. (More)
BACKGROUND Sleep fragmentation (SF) increases food intake and the risk of obesity, and recruits macrophages to visceral white adipose tissue (VWAT) promoting tissue inflammation and insulin resistance. Administration of resveratrol (Resv) has been associated with significant improvements in high-fat diet-induced obesity, inflammation and insulin resistance.(More)
Intermittent hypoxia (IH) has been extensively studied during the last decade, primarily as a surrogate model of sleep apnea. However, IH is a much more pervasive phenomenon in human disease, is viewed as a potential therapeutic approach, and has also been used in other disciplines, such as in competitive sports. In this context, adverse outcomes involving(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic sleep fragmentation (SF) increases cancer aggressiveness in mice. Exosomes exhibit pleiotropic biological functions, including immune regulatory functions, antigen presentation, intracellular communication and inter-cellular transfer of RNA and proteins. We hypothesized that SF-induced alterations in biosynthesis and cargo of plasma(More)
In the light of relationships reported between hypoxemia (tissue hypoxia) and cancer, Abrams et al. concluded in 2008 that sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (SAHS) and its main consequence, intermittent hypoxia, could be related with increased susceptibility to cancer or poorer prognosis of a pre-existing tumor. This pathophysiological association was confirmed(More)
BACKGROUND OSA increases atrial fibrillation (AF) risk and is associated with poor AF treatment outcomes. However, a causal association is not firmly established and the mechanisms involved are poorly understood. The aims of this work were to determine whether chronic obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) induces an atrial pro-arrhythmogenic substrate and to(More)
BACKGROUND Excessive sleep fragmentation (SF) is common in pregnant women. Adult-onset metabolic disorders may begin during early development and exhibit substantial sex dimorphism. We hypothesized that metabolic dysfunction induced by gestational SF in male mice would not be apparent in female littermates. METHODS Body weight and food consumption were(More)