Irwin M . Rosenstock

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The principal aims of this paper are (1) to increase professional health workers’ knowledge of selected research findings and theory so that they may better understand why and under what conditions people take action to prevent, detect and diagnose disease; and (2) to increase awareness among qualified behavioral scientists about the kinds of behavioral(More)
The Health Belief Model, social learning theory (recently relabelled social cognitive theory), self-efficacy, and locus of control have all been applied with varying success to problems of explaining, predicting, and influencing behavior. Yet, there is conceptual confusion among researchers and practitioners about the interrelationships of these theories(More)
The concept of self-efficacy is receiving increasing recognition as a predictor of health behavior change and maintenance. The purpose of this article is to facilitate a clearer understanding of both the concept and its relevance for health education research and practice. Self-efficacy is first defined and distinguished from other related concepts. Next,(More)
THE INCREASING IMPORTANCE of chronic conditions in the disease spectrum has engendered a greater emphasis on individual responsibility for health maintenance and care (1). This emphasis, in turn, has heightened the need to understand and to modify personal health behaviors such as adherence to prescribed medical regimens. Unfortunately, it is evident from(More)
Author(s): Marshall H. Becker, Don P. Haefner, Stanislav V. Kasl, John P. Kirscht, Lois A. Maiman, Irwin M. Rosenstock Source: Medical Care, Vol. 15, No. 5, Supplement: Issues in Promoting Health Committee Reports of the Medical Sociology Section of the American Sociological Association (May, 1977), pp. 27-46 Published by: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins(More)
A multitrait-multimethod design was employed to assess the construct validity of the Health Belief Model. The data were obtained from a nonrepresentative sample of 85 graduate students at The University of Michigan's School of Public Health. The traits consisted of the respondents' perceptions of: health interest, locus of control, susceptibility to(More)
Data from a longitudinal study of 432 hypertensive patients under the care of private practitioners are used to answer two questions: How do patients react to educational interventions, and how are their responses related to changes in their adherence behaviors? The four educational interventions, introduced sequentially and tested in a factorial design,(More)
Behavioral research on patient compliance with regimens to manage diabetes has suffered from lack of conceptual rigor, although a handful of recent studies and reviews are more theoretically oriented. The present review proposes a comprehensive conceptual framework in the context of learning theory to explain patient compliance and to derive approaches for(More)