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We provide current, normative data on the prevalence of impotence, and its physiological and psychosocial correlates in a general population using results from the Massachusetts Male Aging Study. The Massachusetts Male Aging Study was a community based, random sample observational survey of noninstitutionalized men 40 to 70 years old conducted from 1987 to(More)
The localization, synthesis, and activity of endothelin and the receptor types mediating its effects in penile corpus cavernosum were investigated in whole tissue and in cultured cells derived from this tissue. With immunocytochemistry, utilizing an antiendothelin 1 (ET-1) monoclonal antibody, endothelin-like immunoreactivity was localized intensely in the(More)
We investigated, in a rabbit model, the effects of castration and testosterone replacement on: 1) the hemodynamics of the corpus cavernosum; 2) alpha-1 adrenergic receptor protein expression; 3) neural NO synthase protein expression and activity; 4) phosphodiesterase type 5 activity; and 5) trabecular smooth muscle/connective tissue balance. One week after(More)
Carbohydrate binding properties of a new plant lectin (GNA) isolated from snowdrop bulbs were studied using the technique of quantitative precipitation, hapten inhibition, and affinity chromatography on immobilized lectin. Purified GNA precipitated highly branched yeast mannans but did not react with most glucans. Hapten inhibition experiments showed that(More)
Carbohydrate binding properties of a new plant lectin isolated from elderberry (Sambucus nigra L.) (SNA) bark were studied using the techniques of quantitative precipitation, hapten inhibition, and equilibrium dialysis. Purified SNA precipitates highly sialylated glycoproteins such as fetuin, orosomucoid, and ovine submaxillary mucin, but not their asialo(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the evidence for and against androgen insufficiency as a cause of sexual and other health-related problems in women and to make recommendations regarding definition, diagnosis, and assessment of androgen deficiency states in women. DESIGN Evaluation of peer-review literature and consensus conference of international experts. (More)
Several chitin-binding proteins were isolated from the "bottom fraction" of Hevea brasiliensis (Müll.) Arg. latex. One of these chitin-binding proteins is hevein, a small monomeric protein which strongly resembles the lectin from stinging nettle (Urtica dioica L.). Like the latter, hevein showed strong antifungal activity against several fungi in vitro. The(More)
PURPOSE We investigated the pathophysiology of structurally based corporeal veno-occlusive dysfunction. MATERIALS AND METHODS We prospectively evaluated 24 impotent patients (mean age plus or minus standard error 46 +/- 3 years) who had exposure to vascular risk factors and/or disorders inducing diffuse trabecular structure alterations and who underwent(More)
BACKGROUND Galectin-3 has been implicated in the development of organ fibrosis. It is unknown whether it is a relevant therapeutic target in cardiac remodeling and heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS Galectin-3 knock-out and wild-type mice were subjected to angiotensin II infusion (2.5 µg/kg for 14 days) or transverse aortic constriction for 28 days to(More)