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BACKGROUND The study evaluated the efficacy of recombinant human antithrombin (rhAT) for restoring heparin responsiveness in heparin resistant patients undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS This was a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study in heparin-resistant patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. Heparin(More)
UNLABELLED Administration of sevoflurane in a circle absorption system generates Compound A, a nephrotoxin in rats. Reports examining the potential of Compound A to produce renal injury in humans have provided conflicting results. We tested the possibility that there is a threshold to Compound A-induced renal injury in humans and that, above this threshold,(More)
Postoperative nausea and vomiting after general anesthesia remains a complex and perturbing phenomenon associated with several factors. In women, the phase of the menstrual cycle as a factor in postoperative nausea and emesis is controversial. This retrospective study was performed to assess the effects of the menstrual cycle and efficacy of the antiemetic(More)
It has been suggested that desmopressin acetate has been effective in reducing hemorrhage after coronary artery bypass grafting in patients receiving aspirin before operation. We conducted a prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial to determine the effectiveness and safety of desmopressin in these patients. Sixty-five patients(More)
BACKGROUND Postoperative nausea and emesis, especially in ambulatory surgical patients, remains a troublesome problem. This study was performed to compare the incidence of nausea and emesis during the 24-h postoperative period in ondansetron-treated patients versus placebo-treated patients. METHODS Using a randomized prospective double-blind study design,(More)
Postoperative nausea and vomiting are common after recovery from general anesthesia. The antiemetic effect and safety of ondansetron, a selective serotonin type 3 (5-HT3) receptor antagonist, was determined in 36 patients suffering from nausea or vomiting during recovery from intravenous anesthesia by giving either a single intravenous dose of ondansetron(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To evaluate the analgesic and hemodynamic effects of a single dose of intravenous morphine 7.5 mg in patients experiencing moderate-to-severe postoperative pain, and to determine any gender differences in analgesic response. DESIGN Randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, multicenter study. SETTING Postanesthesia care unit of a(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To compare the pharmacodynamics of two commonly recommended doses of rocuronium bromide (0.7 mg/kg and 0.9 mg/kg) and succinylcholine (1.5 mg/kg) when used for rapid-sequence intubation. DESIGN Prospective, double-blind, randomized study. SETTING Operating rooms at a university hospital. PATIENTS 45 ASA physical status I and II adult(More)
Fifty-eight patients with major depression were randomly assigned to receive a hypnotic dose of either propofol or methohexital for their complete treatment series of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). As expected, seizure duration was significantly shorter with propofol than with methohexital anesthesia. Both groups recovered from their depression at the(More)
BACKGROUND Blood loss leading to reduced oxygen-carrying capacity is usually treated with red blood cell transfusions. This study examined the hypothesis that a hemoglobin-based oxygen-carrying solution can serve as an initial alternative to red blood cell transfusion. METHODS In a randomized, double-blind efficacy trial of HBOC-201, a total of 98(More)