Irwin Fridovich

Learn More
The rate of autoxidation of epinephrine and the sensitivity of this autoxidation to inhibition by superoxide dismutase were both augmented, as the pH was raised from 7.8 --f 10.2. 02-, generated by the xanthine oxidase reaction, caused the oxidation of epinephrine to adrenochrome and the yield of adrenochrome produced per 02introduced, increased with(More)
Most assays for superoxide dismutase depend upon competition between the enzyme and some indicating scavenger for O-2. We have investigated the effects of experimental variables on assays based upon the use of either ferricytochrome c or nitro blue tetrazolium. Our results should help investigators to avoid the numerous potential pitfalls which necessarily(More)
O2- oxidizes the [4Fe-4S] clusters of dehydratases, such as aconitase, causing-inactivation and release of Fe(II), which may then reduce H2O2 to OH- +OH.. SODs inhibit such HO. production by scavengingO2-, but Cu, ZnSODs, by virtue of a nonspecific peroxidase activity, may peroxidize spin trapping agents and thus give the appearance of catalyzing OH.(More)
The reactive superoxide radical, O2-, formerly of concern only to radiation chemists and radiobiologists, is now understood to be a normal product of the biological reduction of molecular oxygen. An unusual family of enzymes, the superoxide dismutases, protect against the deleterious actions of this radical by catalyzing its dismutation to hydrogen peroxide(More)
Catalase was inhibited by a flux of O2- generated in situ by the aerobic xanthine oxidase reaction. Two distinct types of inhibition could be distinguished. One of these was rapidly established and could be as rapidly reversed by the addition of superoxide dismutase. The second developed slowly and was reversed by ethanol, but not by superoxide dismutase.(More)
Rat liver was homogenized in isotonic buffer, fractionated by differential centrifugation, and then subfractionated by equilibrium sedimentation in Nycodenz gradients. Fractions were assayed for both Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD) and Mn-SOD by exploiting the cyanide sensitivity of the former activity and by the use of specific antibodies. As expected,(More)