Irving Nachamkin

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Richard L. Guerrant, Thomas Van Gilder, Ted S. Steiner, Nathan M. Thielman, Laurence Slutsker, Robert V. Tauxe, Thomas Hennessy, Patricia M. Griffin, Herbert DuPont, R. Bradley Sack, Phillip Tarr, Marguerite Neill, Irving Nachamkin, L. Barth Reller, Michael T. Osterholm, Michael L. Bennish, and Larry K. Pickering University of Virginia, Charlottesville;(More)
Since the eradication of polio in most parts of the world, Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) has become the most common cause of acute flaccid paralysis. GBS is an autoimmune disorder of the peripheral nervous system characterized by weakness, usually symmetrical, evolving over a period of several days or more. Since laboratories began to isolate Campylobacter(More)
The incidence of human Campylobacter jejuni and C. coli infections has increased markedly in many parts of the world in the last decade as has the number of quinolone-resistant and, to a lesser extent, macrolide-resistant Campylobacter strains causing infections. We review macrolide and quinolone resistance in Campylobacter and track resistance trends in(More)
We developed and studied a molecular typing approach for Campylobacter spp. with restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis of the flagellin gene flaA in C. jejuni. Using polymerase chain reaction, we amplified the flaA gene from strains comprising different HL:O serotypes by using a primer set directed at the conserved 5' and 3' flaA gene(More)
Immunopathological studies suggest that the target of immune attack is different in the subtypes of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). In acute motor axonal neuropathy (AMAN), the attack appears directed against the axolemma and nodes of Ranvier. In acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP), the attack appears directed against a component of the(More)
We evaluated the MicroSeq 500 16S rDNA Bacterial Sequencing Kit (PE Applied Biosystems), a 500-bp sequence-based identification system, for its ability to identify clinical Mycobacterium isolates. The organism identity was determined by comparing the 16S rDNA sequence to the MicroSeq database, which consists primarily of type strain sequences. A total of(More)
Fluoroquinolone-resistant Campylobacter jejuni has been observed worldwide and is now being seen in the United States. Among patients in our health-care system in Pennsylvania, fluoroquinolone-resistant C. jejuni were not observed from 1982 to 1992; however, resistance increased to 40.5% in 2001. Resistance to erythromycin remains at a low level (<5%).
We report a case of Leptotrichia species bacteremia in a patient undergoing treatment for acute myelogenous leukemia. Like previously reported Leptotrichia species, this is a gram-variable, pleomorphic rod that is catalase negative and utilizes glucose and sucrose. However, it is more fastidious than previously reported isolates of Leptotrichia and may(More)
A hybridoma derived from a mouse immunized with gonococcal outer membranes produced an antibody, designated H.8, that bound to all strains of Neisseria gonorrhoeae and N. meningitidis tested, and to N. lactamica and N. cinerea, but only rarely to other nonpathogenic Neisseria species. Studies with the gonococcal strain used in production of the antibody(More)
OBJECTIVE Vaginal and amniotic infection with gram-negative bacteria is associated with preterm birth. We previously reported that human cervical smooth-muscle cells (CSMC) respond to pro-inflammatory cytokines by expressing enzymes that degrade the extracellular matrix. Our objective was to characterize the effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from(More)