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BACKGROUND Human prostate cancers are initially androgen dependent but ultimately become androgen independent. Overexpression of the Her-2-neu receptor tyrosine kinase has been associated with the progression to androgen independence in prostate cancer cells. We examined the expression of Her-2-neu in normal and cancerous prostate tissues to assess its role(More)
BACKGROUND We sought to identify determinants of health-related quality of life after primary treatment of prostate cancer and to measure the effects of such determinants on satisfaction with the outcome of treatment in patients and their spouses or partners. METHODS We prospectively measured outcomes reported by 1201 patients and 625 spouses or partners(More)
A phase I trial was designed to evaluate normal tissue tolerance to neutron capture therapy (NCT); tumor response was also followed as a secondary endpoint. Between July 1996 and May 1999, 24 subjects were entered into a phase I trial evaluating cranial NCT in subjects with primary or metastatic brain tumors. Two subjects were excluded due to a decline in(More)
Several oncogenes involved in prostate carcinogenesis activate mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases, which can relay both proliferative (via extracellular regulated kinases (ERK)) and apoptotic signals (via jun N-terminal protein kinases (JNK)) to the nucleus. Mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase 1 (MKP-1) is induced by several oncogenes in the(More)
BACKGROUND Recent reports using extreme hypofractionated regimens in the treatment of low-risk prostate adenocarcinoma have been encouraging. Here, the authors report on their own multi-institutional experience with extreme hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy for early stage disease. METHODS In total, at 4 centers, 45 patients with National(More)
To report a technique for target directed transperineal ultrasound guided biopsy using high resolution endorectal MRI images Ultrasound fusion. Two patients presented after external beam irradiation for prostate cancer with a rising PSA. An Endorectal MRI using a 1.5 Tesla scanner was obtained. Subsequently a Transrectal Ultrasound guided biopsy was(More)
The tumor suppressor gene PTEN/MMAC-1/TEP-1 (referred to hereafter as PTEN) maps to chromosome 10q23 and encodes a dual specificity phosphatase. The PTEN protein negatively regulates cell migration and cell survival and induces a G1 cell cycle block via negative regulation of the phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase/protein kinase B/Akt signaling pathway. PTEN is(More)
Knowledge of the chronologic evolution of bone-marrow changes during and after radiation therapy is essential in differentiating normal postradiation changes from other marrow abnormalities. The appearance of the lumbar vertebral bone marrow was studied on 55 serial spin-echo and short-T1 inversion-recovery (STIR) MR images obtained in 14 patients receiving(More)
PURPOSE Understanding the distinctive patterns of treatment-related dysfunction after alternative initial treatments for early prostate cancer (PC) may improve patients' choice of treatment and later help them adjust to its consequences. We characterized the time course of treatment complications while adjusting for potentially confounding pretreatment(More)
PURPOSE To present nomograms providing estimates of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) failure-free survival after radical prostatectomy (RP) or external-beam radiation therapy (RT) for men diagnosed during the PSA era with clinically localized disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS A Cox regression multivariable analysis was used to determine the prognostic(More)