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In a series of 33 patients with reasonably controlled primary cancers, stereotactic radiosurgery was used to treat 52 brain metastases. After a mean radiological follow-up time of 5.5 months, six lesions (12%) had stabilized in size, 26 (50%) were significantly reduced, and 15 (29%) had disappeared. One large melanoma metastasis progressed relentlessly(More)
The tumor suppressor gene PTEN/MMAC-1/TEP-1 (referred to hereafter as PTEN) maps to chromosome 10q23 and encodes a dual specificity phosphatase. The PTEN protein negatively regulates cell migration and cell survival and induces a G1 cell cycle block via negative regulation of the phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase/protein kinase B/Akt signaling pathway. PTEN is(More)
PURPOSE To present nomograms providing estimates of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) failure-free survival after radical prostatectomy (RP) or external-beam radiation therapy (RT) for men diagnosed during the PSA era with clinically localized disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS A Cox regression multivariable analysis was used to determine the prognostic(More)
A phase I trial was designed to evaluate normal tissue tolerance to neutron capture therapy (NCT); tumor response was also followed as a secondary endpoint. Between July 1996 and May 1999, 24 subjects were entered into a phase 1 trial evaluating cranial NCT in subjects with primary or metastatic brain tumors. Two subjects were excluded due to a decline in(More)
BACKGROUND Human prostate cancers are initially androgen dependent but ultimately become androgen independent. Overexpression of the Her-2-neu receptor tyrosine kinase has been associated with the progression to androgen independence in prostate cancer cells. We examined the expression of Her-2-neu in normal and cancerous prostate tissues to assess its role(More)
Several oncogenes involved in prostate carcinogenesis activate mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases, which can relay both proliferative (via extracellular regulated kinases (ERK)) and apoptotic signals (via jun N-terminal protein kinases (JNK)) to the nucleus. Mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase 1 (MKP-1) is induced by several oncogenes in the(More)
PURPOSE Understanding the distinctive patterns of treatment-related dysfunction after alternative initial treatments for early prostate cancer (PC) may improve patients' choice of treatment and later help them adjust to its consequences. We characterized the time course of treatment complications while adjusting for potentially confounding pretreatment(More)
BACKGROUND Recent reports using extreme hypofractionated regimens in the treatment of low-risk prostate adenocarcinoma have been encouraging. Here, the authors report on their own multi-institutional experience with extreme hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy for early stage disease. METHODS In total, at 4 centers, 45 patients with National(More)
PURPOSE To assess complications of therapy for early (nonmetastatic) prostate cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS A prospective study of a cohort of 279 men who sought treatment advice and completed required pretreatment forms. The measures were self-reported patient symptoms and other measures of quality of life before therapy and at 3 and 12 months afterward.(More)
Stereotaxic radiosurgery delivered from a modified 4 MV linear accelerator was used to treat 47 brain metastases in 27 patients at Stanford. Response was assessed in 41 lesions. Histopathologies included adenocarcinoma (24 lesions), renal cell carcinoma (9 lesions), melanoma (6 lesions), and squamous cell carcinoma (2 lesions). Follow-up ranged from(More)