Irmgard Kiewitt

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Lipase (EC 3.1.1.3) from oilseed rape (Brassica napus L., cv Ceres) hydrolyzes triacylglycerols containing a broad range of fatty acids at similar rates. In esterification reactions carried out in hexane, rape lipase also uses a wide range of fatty acids and alcohols as reaction partners. However, the rates of esterification of petroselinic,(More)
Several commercially available lipases have been evaluated with regard to their substrate specificity in the esterification of fatty acids having specific positions of cis double bonds, e.g. petroselinic acid (n-12 18:1), alpha-linolenic acid (n-3 18:3), gamma-linolenic acid (n-6 18:3), stearidonic acid (n-3 18:4), dihomogamma-linolenic acid (n-6 20:3),(More)
Various lipases have been evaluated as biocatalysts for the enrichment of γ-linolenic acid from a commercial fungal oil derived from Mucor sp. by selective esterification of the fungal oil fatty acids with n-butanol or by selective hydrolysis of the oil. Lipase from M. miehei (Lipozyme), as compared to lipases from Candida cylindracea, Penicillium(More)
The relative abundance of (n-9) and (n-7) isomers in the monounsaturated fatty acids of seed lipids has been determined for selected plants in order to assess the biosynthetic reactions involved in their formation. Δ9 Desaturation of stearic acid to (n-9) octadecenoic acid is almost exclusively operative in the formation of monounsaturated fatty acids in(More)
The distribution of acyl moieties at sn-1 and sn-2 positions of cholinphosphoglycerides (CPG) and ethanolaminephosphoglycerides (EPG) has been determined for neurosarcoma, sarcoma 180 and leukemia L 1210. In all the three samples, the positional distribution of acyl moieties in the two major classes of phospholipids is found to be similar to that in(More)
Partial hydrolysis of triacylglycerols of high-erucic-acid seed oils from white mustard (Sinapis alba), oriental mustard (Brassica juncea) and honesty (Lunaria annua), catalysed by lipases from Candida cylindracea and Geotrichum candidum, leads to enrichment of erucic acid and other very-long-chain mono-unsaturated fatty acids (VLCMFA) in the acylglycerols(More)
Rape lipase discriminates strongly against γ-linolenic acid (allcis-6, 9, 12–18∶3; GLA). GLA in the fatty acids from evening primrose oil was concentrated from 9.5% to 62% with a 95% yield during esterification of these fatty acids with butanol catalyzed by rape lipase. Hydrolysis of evening primrose oil catalyzed by the rape lipase raised the GLA content(More)