Irmgard E. Schwarz

Learn More
The projection of individual labyrinthine sensory organs to the brain stem was studied by autoradiography, employing discrete [3H]leucine injections into the sensory epithelia. Within the vestibular nuclei, separate partly overlapping termination areas for each end organ were found in the superior and descending vestibular nuclei, whereas projection(More)
Efferent vestibular and cochlear neurons were identified in the rat's brain stem by retrograde labelling with True Blue (TB) or wheat germ agglutinin — horseradish peroxidase (WGA-HRP) injected into the utricle. Such cells were found at the same locations described in 1983 by White and Warr (ipsilateral superior olivary nucleus (LSO), bilateral(More)
Origins of afferents to the cerebellar cortex from the brainstem were explored in turtles by means of the horseradish peroxidase (HRP) technique. Following relatively large injections involving all cortical layers, HRP label was observed in neural perikarya of the following structures: 1) contralateral reticular formation just lateral and ventral to the(More)
Injection of [3H]-gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) into the perilymphatic space of the rat's inner ear resulted in retrograde labeling of a portion of the small efferent olivocochlear neurons within the lateral superior olivary nucleus (LSO). These cells were of similar size as LSO neurons stained immunohistochemically with antibodies to the GABA synthesizing(More)
The cerebellar cortex of the pigeon receiving direct vestibular afferents was delineated by anterograde transport of [3H]-amino acids injected into the vestibular nerve. Labelled mossy fiber rosettes in the granular layer were concentrated in lobule X (nodulus) and to a lesser extent, in the ventral portion of lobule IXd (uvula and paraflocculus). A few(More)
Efferent neurons innervating the vestibular labyrinth and cochlea of the pigeon have been identified by means of a variety of retrograde tracers: [3H]-adenosine (Ad), horseradish peroxidase (HRP), Evan's Blue (EB) and Bisbenzimide (Bb). Discrete injections into individual cristae ampullares of the semicircular canals, into the macula utriculi, or into(More)
[3H]-D-aspartic acid was injected into the inner ear of rats. After a six hour survival time, labeled cells were found at all locations known to contain efferent cochlear or vestibular neurons. Most labeled neurons were found in the ipsilateral lateral superior olivary nucleus (LSO), although both ventral nuclei of the trapezoid body (VTB), group E, and the(More)
The chicken's central auditory nuclei from the inferior colliculus to field L in the forebrain were studied with cytochrome oxidase histochemistry. All stations of the ascending pathway displayed high activity levels, including the inferior colliculus, the nucleus ovoidalis of the thalamus, and field L1 to L3 and the hyperstriatum ventrale caudale which(More)
It is important to know if the transmission of sound signals through the inferior colliculus is mediated by the transmitters glutamate or aspartate because of pharmacological consequences for auditory perception. In order to identify candidate's neurons, the retrograde transport for [3H]-D-aspartate, injected into the left inferior colliculus, was studied(More)