Irmeli A. Penttila

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Early nutritional events have the potential to affect health outcomes in later life including the development of allergy. Food allergy is usually the first manifestation of allergy. Breast-feeding has been associated with a protective effect against the development of allergy, but the evidence is contradictory and the mechanisms involved are not clear. We(More)
Breast milk cytokines have the potential to regulate the immune response to food antigens in infants. Cytokines are present in all mammalian milks and are capable of inhibiting excess inflammation and modulating epithelial proliferation. There are a range of candidate cytokines in milk such as transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), the major cytokine(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammatory process has been found to play an important role in the pathogenesis of coronary heart disease (CHD) and in the prognosis of CHD patients. AIM. The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic value of C-reactive protein (CRP), fibrinogen, interleukin (IL)-6 and tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in patients with(More)
The effect of fish diet on 43 healthy male students was studied. They ate a fish-containing meal for 15 weeks on an average of 3.7 times per week. Twenty-one of them voluntarily restricted their lipid intake while the rest ate normally. Controls continued their usual eating habits (19 students). The meals consisted of Finnish freshwater fish (87%) (vendace,(More)
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional disorder of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract characterized by pain or discomfort from the lower abdominal region, which is associated with altered bowel habit. Despite its prevalence, there is currently a lack of effective treatment options for patients. IBS has long been considered as a neurological condition(More)
The humoral and cellular immune response of coeliac individuals to various wheat protein fractions was studied using serum antibody ELISA assays and the indirect leucocyte migration inhibition factor (LMIF) assays. Greater migration inhibition factor activity was seen in coeliacs on a gluten-free-diet having low serum antibody titres, and using purified(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is present at high concentrations in maternal milk. In milk TGF-beta2 is the predominant isoform. For function TGF-beta2 requires TbetaRIII to facilitate efficient binding to the TGF-beta receptor types I and II signalling complex. We have shown that TGF-beta receptor types I (TbetaRI), II (TbetaRII) and III(More)
BACKGROUND and aims: In neonates the gastrointestinal tract is exposed to food and bacterial antigens at a time when the gut mucosal immune system has not developed the ability to induce oral tolerance. This increases the risk for an inappropriate immune response to oral antigens. Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) is an immunoregulatory cytokine(More)
Gluten intolerance (coeliac disease) is characterised by the development of a small intestinal lesion following exposure to the gliadin fraction after consumption of wheat and related cereals. Cellular immune mechanisms are thought to be responsible for gliadin toxicity, but the toxic sequence/s within gliadin have not been clearly established. A panel of(More)