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Hox genes are required to pattern neural crest (NC) derived craniofacial and visceral skeletal structures. However, the temporal requirement of Hox patterning activity is not known. Here, we use an inducible system to establish Hoxa2 activity at distinct NC migratory stages in Xenopus embryos. We uncover stage-specific effects of Hoxa2 gain-of-function(More)
The regional and cellular distribution of serotonin type 2C receptor messenger RNA was investigated in autopsy samples of human brain by in situ hybridization histochemistry. The main sites of serotonin receptor type 2C messenger RNA expression were the choroid plexus, cerebral cortex, hippocampus, amygdala, some components of the basal ganglia, the(More)
We have studied a family of long repetitive DNA sequences (Hsr1) interspersed in the large genome of the European plethodontid salamander Hydromantes. The sequence analysis of a 5-kb fragment (Hsr1A) of one member has revealed significant similarities with amino acidic domains of retroviruses and retrotransposons. The similarity of the reverse transcriptase(More)
The skeletal structures of the face and throat are derived from cranial neural crest cells (NCCs) that migrate from the embryonic neural tube into a series of branchial arches (BAs). The first arch (BA1) gives rise to the upper and lower jaw cartilages, whereas hyoid structures are generated from the second arch (BA2). The Hox paralogue group 2 (PG2) genes,(More)
We have shown previously that in ruin lizards (Podarcis sicula) the ablation of all known photoreceptive structures (lateral eyes, pineal and parietal eye) in the same individual animal does not prevent entrainment of their circadian locomotor rhythms to light. The present study was aimed at identifying the circadian brain photoreceptors mediating(More)
In vertebrates, hyaluronan biosynthesis is regulated by three transmembrane catalytic enzymes denoted Has1, Has2 and Has3. We have previously cloned the Xenopus orthologues of the corresponding genes and defined their spatiotemporal distribution during development. During mammalian embryogenesis, Has2 activity is known to be crucial, as its abrogation in(More)
We investigated the binding parameters, i.e. the maximum binding capacity (Bmax) and the dissociation constant (Kd), of [3H]8-hydroxy-2-(di-N-propylamino)tetralin ([3H]8-OH-DPAT) labeling the serotonin receptor of the 1A type (5HT1A), and the distribution of the mRNA encoding it in some human brain areas obtained from autoptic samples. The results showed(More)
To investigate whether the dopaminergic system plays a role in the etiology of anorexia nervosa (AN) via the dopamine D2 receptor, we investigated association and transmission disequilibrium at seven single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) spanning about 75 kbp of the gene DRD2. We studied 191 probands with a DSM-IV diagnosis of AN, 457 parents and affected(More)
Here reported is the developmental gene expression pattern of the three known vertebrate hyaluronan synthases (XHas1, XHas2 and XHas3) and a comparative analysis of their mRNAs spatio-temporal distribution during Xenopus laevis development. We found that while XHas2 shows a steady-state expression from gastrula to late tailbud stage, XHas1 is mainly present(More)