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The regional and cellular distribution of serotonin type 2C receptor messenger RNA was investigated in autopsy samples of human brain by in situ hybridization histochemistry. The main sites of serotonin receptor type 2C messenger RNA expression were the choroid plexus, cerebral cortex, hippocampus, amygdala, some components of the basal ganglia, the(More)
Hox genes are required to pattern neural crest (NC) derived craniofacial and visceral skeletal structures. However, the temporal requirement of Hox patterning activity is not known. Here, we use an inducible system to establish Hoxa2 activity at distinct NC migratory stages in Xenopus embryos. We uncover stage-specific effects of Hoxa2 gain-of-function(More)
We have studied the structure, genome organization, chromosomal location, conservation across species and transcription on lampbrush chromosomes, of an AT-rich satellite DNA component of the newt, Triturus vulgaris meridionalis. The satellite (Sat G), originally isolated by gradient centrifugation, represents about 2% of the vulgaris genome and comprises a(More)
In the present work we performed a cytogenetic analysis of the ribosomal (18S + 28S and 5S) loci in amphibian species belonging to the advanced family Salamandridae (genera Triturus, Salamandra, and Salamandrina) and in the primitive hynobiid Salamandrella keyserlingii (family Hynobiidae). In each analyzed karyotype the 5S rDNA sites appear to be stable,(More)
We have studied a family of long repetitive DNA sequences (Hsr1) interspersed in the large genome of the European plethodontid salamanderHydromantes. The sequence analysis of a 5-kb fragment (Hsr1A) of one member has revealed significant similarities with aminoacidic domains of retroviruses and retrotransposons. The similarity of the reverse transcriptase(More)
The skeletal structures of the face and throat are derived from cranial neural crest cells (NCCs) that migrate from the embryonic neural tube into a series of branchial arches (BAs). The first arch (BA1) gives rise to the upper and lower jaw cartilages, whereas hyoid structures are generated from the second arch (BA2). The Hox paralogue group 2 (PG2) genes,(More)
The maps of the lampbrush chromosomes of Triturus marmoratus oocytes were constructed on the basis of their lengths and major morphological characters such as giant fusing loops, dense matrix loops, lumpy objects, axial granules, lateral globules and reflected fusions; a nucleolus organizing region occurs subterminally on the right side of chromosome X. —(More)
We show that, in Triturus vulgaris meridionalis, sequences homologous to the rDNA "non-transcribed" spacer (NTS) are clustered at chromosomal loci where they are not associated with 18 S or 28 S rDNA genes: these sequences are referred to as the extra-ribosomal spacer sequences. Genomic clones containing such extra-ribosomal spacer sequences have been(More)
The ribosomal RNA genes of Triturus vulgaris meridionalis (Amphibia, Urodela) show the peculiar feature of being clustered not only at the nucleolar organizer, present in the species at a definite chromosome location, but also at "additional ribosomal sites" which are highly variable in number and chromosomal distribution among individuals. The additional(More)
The chromosomal locations of the 18S + 28S and 5S ribosomal RNA genes have been analyzed by in situ hybridization in ten anuran species of different taxonomic positions. The chosen species belong to both primitive and evolved families of the present day Anura. Each examined species has 18S + 28S rRNA genes clustered in one locus per haploid chromosome set:(More)