Irma Márquez

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PURPOSE To investigate the clinical, electroencephalographic (EEG), and histopathologic effects of subacute electrical stimulation of the hippocampal formation or gyrus (SAHCS) on 10 patients with intractable temporal lobe seizures. METHODS Bilateral, depth, hippocampal or unilateral, subdural, basotemporal electrodes were implanted in all 10 patients for(More)
Recent animal experiments show that the application of an electrical stimulus to the amygdala or hippocampus following the kindling stimulus produced a significant and long-lasting suppressive effect on this experimental model of epilepsy. This is a preliminary report on the development of a surgical neuromodulatory procedure by chronic electrical(More)
Previous reports have provided evidence of a reticulo-thalamic system, extending from the mesencephalic reticular formation (MRF) to the ventrolateral thalamus (VL), involved in the production of tremor. In humans, a funnel of fibers in the posterior subthalamus named the prelemniscal radiations (Raprl) has been described as an exquisite target to treat(More)
The present report recapitulates the clinical and electrophysiologic studies we have performed on patients with certain forms of medically intractable epilepsy to investigate the basic mechanisms and predictor factors for seizure control of the electrical stimulation of the thalamic centromedian nucleus (CM) procedure. Acute electrical stimulation of CM(More)
PURPOSE The efficacy and safety of cerebellar stimulation (CS) was reevaluated in a double-blind, randomized controlled pilot study on five patients with medically refractory motor seizures, and especially generalized tonic-clonic seizures. METHODS Bilateral modified four-contact plate electrodes were placed on the cerebellar superomedial surface through(More)
Electrical stimulation of the centromedian thalamic nucleus (ESCM) has been used in cases of difficult to control seizures with multifocal onset in frontal and temporal lobes, as well as in cases of seizures with no evidence of focal onset, such as Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. The stimulation program consists of 1 min stimulation on one side, 4 min interval OFF(More)
Incremental, desynchronizing and spike-wave electrocortical responses and concomitant symptoms to acute electrical stimulation of the centromedian thalamic nucleus (CM) were studied in 12 patients with intractable complex partial and tonic-clonic generalized seizures. Low-frequency (6/s), 320-800 microA stimulation of the caudal-basal and central portions(More)
Five patients with chronic incapacitating seizures averaging 15-5,000/month were selected for study. All patients had more than one seizure type and had received maximal doses of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). The centromedian thalamic nucleus (CM) was stimulated electrically through bilateral multicontact platinum electrodes stereotaxically placed in CM and(More)
MRI and electrophysiological techniques to localize the primary motor cortex (MC) were performed on patients considered for MC stimulation for the treatment of deafferentation pain. The representation and trajectory of the rolandic fissure (RF) were accurately localized by external cranial landmarks and radiopaque fiducials superimposed on oblique MRI(More)
Twenty-eight patients underwent electrical stimulation of the centromedian (CM) thalamic nucleus as a neuro-augmentative procedure to control intractable seizures of various types. To assess the correct placement of electrodes, electrical stimulation at 3 and 6 Hz, 1.0 msec and 600-2000 uA pulses in trains of 30-60 sec were used while the EEG was recorded(More)