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Folates are essential nutrients that are required for one-carbon biosynthetic and epigenetic processes. While folates are absorbed in the acidic milieu of the upper small intestine, the underlying absorption mechanism has not been defined. We now report the identification of a human proton-coupled, high-affinity folate transporter that recapitulates(More)
Whereas the major folate transporter, the reduced folate carrier (RFC), has a physiological pH optimum, transport activities for folates and antifolates have been detected with low pH optima. Because the interstitial pH in solid tumors is generally acidic, the mechanisms by which antifolates are transported at low pH could be an important determinant of(More)
The reduced folate carrier (RFC) and the proton-coupled folate transporter (PCFT) are ubiquitously expressed in normal and malignant mammalian tissues and in human solid tumor cell lines. This article addresses the extent to which PCFT contributes to transport of pemetrexed and to the activities of this and other antifolates relative to RFC at physiological(More)
A methotrexate (MTX)-resistant HeLa subline (R5), developed in this laboratory, with impaired transport due to a genomic deletion of the reduced folate carrier (RFC) was only 2-fold resistant to pemetrexed (PMX), but 200- and 400-fold resistant to raltitrexed (ZD1694) and N(alpha)-(-4-amino-4-deoxypteroyl)-N(delta)-hemiphthaloyl-1-ornithine (PT523),(More)
Human organic anion-transporting polypeptide (OATP) 2B1 (OATP-B; SLCO2B1) is expressed in the apical membrane of the small intestine and the hepatocyte basolateral membrane and transports structurally diverse organic anions with a wide spectrum of pH sensitivities. This article describes highly pH-dependent OATP2B1-mediated antifolate transport and compares(More)
PURPOSE This study was undertaken to select the optimal combination schedule of erlotinib and pemetrexed for the treatment of relapsed non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) using a panel of human NSCLC lines. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Human NSCLC cell lines, with variable expression of the known molecular determinants of erlotinib sensitivity, were exposed to(More)
Pemetrexed is a new-generation antifolate, approved for the treatment of mesothelioma and non-small cell lung cancer, currently being evaluated for the treatment of a variety of other solid tumors. This review traces the history of antifolates that led to the development of pemetrexed and describes the unique properties of this agent that distinguish it(More)
Reduced derivatives of folic acid (folates) play a critical role in the development, function and repair of the CNS. However, the molecular systems regulating folate uptake and homeostasis in the central nervous system remain incompletely defined. Choroid plexus epithelial cells express high levels of folate receptor alpha (FRalpha) suggesting that the(More)
This laboratory recently identified a human gene that encodes a novel folate transporter [Homo sapiens proton-coupled folate transporter (HsPCFT); SLC46A1] required for intestinal folate absorption. This study focused on mouse (Mus musculus) PCFT (MmPCFT) and rat (Rattus norvegicus) PCFT (RnPCFT) and addresses their secondary structure, specificity, tissue(More)
MTA (LY231514) is an antifolate that targets multiple folate-dependent enzymes. In this report, MTA transport was characterized in wild-type L1210 cells and variants with impaired membrane transport or polyglutamation. MTA influx via the reduced folate carrier was somewhat faster (approximately 30%) than that for methotrexate (MTX). Unlike MTX, MTA was(More)