Learn More
Mercaptopurines have been used as anticancer agents for more than 40 years, and most acute lymphoblastic leukemias are treated with 6-mercaptopurine (6MP) or 6-thioguanine (TG). Overexpression of the two related multidrug resistance proteins MRP4 and MRP5 has been shown to confer some resistance against mercaptopurines, which has been attributed to(More)
OBJECTIVE The management of septic arthritis could benefit from sensitive tests that detect the persistence of microorganisms in the joint. The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of monitoring the presence of bacterial DNA in synovial samples from septic arthritis patients during antibiotic treatment. METHODS Synovial fluid (SF) and(More)
OBJECTIVE The continuous presence of bacteria or their degraded antigens in the synovium may be involved in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The aim of this study was to determine the presence of bacterial nucleic acids and bacterial cell wall constituents in the joints of patients with RA and other forms of arthritis. METHODS Joint samples(More)
OBJECTIVE Bacteria are considered to be important in the pathogenesis of several forms of arthritis. The goal of this study was to apply the 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA)-polymerase chain reaction method for the detection of bacterial DNA in synovial fluid (SF) and synovial tissue (ST) from inflamed joints. METHODS Samples from 5 patients with septic arthritis(More)
OBJECTIVE Viruses have a role in the pathogenesis of various forms of arthritis. This study aimed at determining whether viral DNA can be detected in joint samples in the early stages of idiopathic arthritides. METHODS Synovial fluid (SF) and synovial tissue (ST) samples were obtained from 73 patients, with undifferentiated arthritis (n=22), rheumatoid(More)
OBJECTIVE Mycobacteria have been implicated in the pathogenesis of various forms of arthritis. The aim of this study was to examine the diagnostic potential of molecular biological techniques as well as to investigate the pathogenetic role of mycobacteria in chronic arthritis. PATIENTS AND METHODS DNA, extracted from synovial fluid and synovial tissue(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the presence of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in synovial samples from the knee joint of patients with Lyme arthritis by polymerase chain reaction, and to differentiate the species by reverse line blot (RLB). METHODS Synovial fluid (SF) and synovial tissue (ST) samples were obtained from patients with Lyme arthritis (n = 4) and from(More)
Recently, a new player in the cytokine network has been described that is produced by monocytes and can be detected in the rheumatoid synovium: interleukin-15 (IL-15). Since this cytokine may play a role in the accumulation and activation of T-cells, B-cells, and natural killer (NK) cells characteristic of synovial tissue (ST) from patients with rheumatoid(More)
In this short note we report on the shelf-life stability of pDERMATT (plasmid DNA encoding recombinant MART-1 and tetanus toxin fragment-c) 2mg lyophilized powder for reconstitution for intradermal administration, used in an in-house, investigator-initiated clinical phase I study. pDERMATT was stored at 25°C/60% relative humidity (6 months), 2-8°C (24(More)
To investigate the role of Yersinia persistence in chronic undifferentiated arthritis, two patients who had chronic undifferentiated polyarthritis and circulating IgA and IgG antibodies to Yersinia outer proteins were studied. Immunofluorescence using antibodies directed against Yersinia adhesin A was performed on colonic and synovial tissue. Synovial(More)