Iris Kistner

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The dentate gyrus (DG) plays a pivotal role in the functional and anatomical organization of the hippocampus and is involved in learning and memory formation. However, the impact of structural DG abnormalities, i.e., granule cell dispersion (GCD), for hippocampal seizure susceptibility and its association with distinct lesion patterns in epileptic(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with diabetes mellitus are at increased risk for microvascular complications. Early changes in microcirculation are characterized by hyperperfusion (e.g. in the retina and kidney) and increased pulse wave reflection leading to increased aortic pressure. We investigated the effects of the DPP-4-inhibitor saxagliptin on early retinal(More)
OBJECTIVE Experimental studies have shown that glucose releases endothelial nitric oxide (NO) and that NO contributes to renal hyperperfusion in models of diabetes. To examine whether this translates into the human condition, we studied the relationship between glycemic control and renal NO activity in patients with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging with arterial spin labeling (ASL) is a noninvasive approach to measure organ perfusion. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reproducibility of ASL kidney perfusion measurements with semiautomatic segmentation, which allows separate quantification of cortical and medullary perfusion. The right kidneys of 14 healthy(More)
BACKGROUND Eutrophic and hypertrophic remodeling are major vascular hallmarks for hypertension and diabetes-associated microvascular end-organ damage in peripheral arterioles. The aim of this study is to compare retinal arterioles of diabetic, hypertensive, and healthy individuals. METHODS Retinal parameters were assessed in 99 patients with T2DM, 158(More)
Decreased capillary density influences vascular resistance and perfusion. The authors aimed to investigate the influence of the renin-angiotensin receptor blocker valsartan on retinal capillary rarefaction in hypertensive patients. Retinal vascular parameters were measured noninvasively and in vivo by scanning laser Doppler flowmetry before and after 4(More)
Endothelial dysfunction predicts cardiovascular damage and renal involvement. Animal experiments and human studies indicate an increased nitric oxide (NO) activity and endothelial NO synthase (NOS) expression in the early stage of type 2 diabetes. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of linagliptin on the endothelial function of the renal(More)
PURPOSE In diabetes mellitus type 2, capillary rarefaction plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of end-organ damage. We investigated retinal capillary density in patients with early disease. METHODS This cross-sectional study compares retinal capillary rarefaction determined by intercapillary distance (ICD) and capillary area (CapA), measured(More)
OBJECTIVE Renal perfusion is a key parameter of kidney function and the decrement of renal perfusion is a marker of target organ damage caused by hypertension. Detecting these changes in renal perfusion could help to manage antihypertensive therapy and evaluate patients[Combining Acute Accent] prognosis. Measurement of renal perfusion by MRI arterial spin(More)
OBJECTIVE Sodium tissue content by Na magnetic resonance imaging (Na-MRI) has been validated in experimental and human studies. SGLT-2 inhibition blocks the reabsorption of glucose and, in parallel, of sodium in the proximal tubular cells in a 1:1 fashion. We hypothesized that SGLT-2 inhibition in patients with type 2 diabetes leads to decreased tissue(More)