Iris Hertwig

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The paper sums up results of a 7-day space flight experiment (D-l-Mission-BW-STA 00-STATEX) using growing frog embryos and larvae (Xenopus laevis) as a model system. Evaluation of photographs taken from the surface of sectioned deep-frozen objects, and micrographs using TEM and SEM show no aberrations in the shape, size, position, or respective electron(More)
The statocyst ofOrconectes limosus contains static hairs arranged in four groups. All the hairs are the same in basic structure; they differ only in length and diameter and in their positions with respect to the other hairs in the group and to the statolith. In terms of functional morphology, each static hair is part of a unit consisting of an acellular(More)
Hyphessobrycon simulans has a Weberian apparatus for transmission of sound energy to the auditory organ, whereas Poecilia reticulata does not. The fine structure of the auditory organs is identical in the two species. The better hearing - expressed by large bandwidth and high sensitivity - typical of the Ostariophysi - seems to be based exclusively on the(More)
Differentiation of the inner ear of Rana temporaria temporaria Linné, 1758 begins with invagination of the epidermis to form the otocyst. The first sensory epithelium to form is the macula communis. Not until this is complete are the semicircular canals produced as protrusions from the otocyst; at the same time the ampullar cristae develop as structures for(More)
The skin ofTetraodon steindachneri is morphologically and cytologically adapted to the habits and locomotion of the fish, as well as to its ability to expand its body into a nearly spherical shape. Negative buoyancy, which facilitates precise maneuvers near the bottom, is achieved primarily by a very thick dermis. Various special features of the skin enable(More)
Puffer fish (Tetraodon steindachneri) can execute precise maneuvers due to their highly specialized mode of propulsion. In the conventional locomotion exemplified by the goldfish (Carassius auratus), the fish thrusts are generated by lateral beating of the caudal fin. In contrast, the puffer generates its propulsive force by very rapid undulating movements(More)
Examination of the epidermis of Rana temporaria in various stages of development revealed the presence of densely ciliated cells from the late neurula until shortly before metamorphosis. Unlike the other epidermal cells, these ciliated cells do not divide; once formed, they are constant in number until they disappear. In shape, size, and structure, however,(More)
The inner ear of Rana t. temporaria comprises sensory structures with various special functions, i.e., the detection of spatial orientation (utricle, saccule, lagena), of rotation (ampullae), and of acoustic signals (amphibian and basilar papillae). In each of these structures, there is a sensory epithelium made up of hair (sensory) cells and supporting(More)
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