Iris Berger

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Bupropion (BUP), which in its slow-release formulation (Zyban) is used as a smoking-cessation drug, increases dopamine overflow in the nucleus accumbens and serves as a reinforcer in animal experiments, both suggesting that BUP may possess some abuse liability. The present study examined if BUP produced subjective effects indicative of abuse liability in a(More)
Intraindividual comparisons of diets supplemented with sunflowerseed oil (rich in linoleic acid, LA, C18:2n-6), linseed oil (enriched with alpha-linolenic acid, LNA, C18:3n-3) and canned mackerel (rich in eicosapentaenoic acid, EPA, C20:5n-3 and docosahexaenoic acid, DHA, C22:6n-3) were made in 30 patients with primary hyperlipoproteinemia (HLP) of(More)
In normal, hypertensive and hyperlipemic subjects, diets supplemented with linoleic acid (LA) or alpha-linolenic acid (LNA) resulted in an increase of the corresponding fatty acids in serum lipids. However, their C20-derivatives, the prostaglandin precursors arachidonic acid (AA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), respectively, were not or only slightly(More)
The purpose of the present study was to determine whether blockade of excitatory amino acid receptors at the ventrolateral nucleus of the tractus solitarius would influence respiratory activity. This was done by microinjecting excitatory amino acid receptor antagonists into the ventrolateral nucleus of the tractus solitarius of alpha-chloralose-anesthetized(More)
Forty-four male in-patients with mild essential hypertension were randomly allocated to three groups and put on diets supplemented with 60 ml/day of olive (n = 15), sunflowerseed (n = 15) or linseed oils (n = 14), respectively, for two weeks within a blind study. In the group receiving sunflowerseed oil an increase of linoleic acid in serum lipids could be(More)
Eight patients with type IV and V hyperlipoproteinemia were put on a mackerel and herring diet of an isocaloric regimen for 2 weeks, in a cross-over design. At the end of the dietary periods a predominant increase of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA - C20:5, n-3) in cholesterol esters and of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA - C22:6, n-3) in serum triglycerides, being(More)
The effect of diets rich or deficient in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) on blood pressure of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive Wistar rats (WR) was studied. The diets contained either sunflower oil (PUR-SOL), linseed oil (PUR-LIN), cod-liver oil or hydrogenated palm-kernel oil (PUFA-deficient) amounting to 15 or 3 weight percent of(More)
Fourteen male patients with mild essential hypertension were put on a mackerel and herring diet within a prescribed isocaloric regimen in a cross-over design for 2 weeks. After mackerel diet eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA-C20:5, n-3) appeared more in cholesterol esters (1.7-11.0%), whereas docosahexaenoic acid (DHA-C22:6, n-3) was predominantly incorporated(More)
Twelve male patients with mild essential hypertension were put on a diet supplemented with 2 cans of mackerel/day (= 2.2 g daily of eicosapentaenoic acid, EPA, C20:5 n-3 and 2.8 g daily of docosahexaenoic acid, DHA, C22:6 n-3) for 2 weeks within an isocaloric regimen and then with 3 cans/week (= 3.3 g/week, equivalent to 0.47 g daily of EPA and 4.2 g/week,(More)
Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) at 4 weeks of age were fed a diet supplemented with sunflowerseed oil (SO), evening primrose oil (EPO), fish oil (FO) or EPO + FO for 22 weeks. A diet with commercially available pellets served as control. Systolic blood pressure was significantly lower during and after FO, EPO and EPO + FO, whereas the lower level(More)