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Bupropion (BUP), which in its slow-release formulation (Zyban) is used as a smoking-cessation drug, increases dopamine overflow in the nucleus accumbens and serves as a reinforcer in animal experiments, both suggesting that BUP may possess some abuse liability. The present study examined if BUP produced subjective effects indicative of abuse liability in a(More)
In normal, hypertensive and hyperlipemic subjects, diets supplemented with linoleic acid (LA) or alpha-linolenic acid (LNA) resulted in an increase of the corresponding fatty acids in serum lipids. However, their C20-derivatives, the prostaglandin precursors arachidonic acid (AA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), respectively, were not or only slightly(More)
Intraindividual comparisons of diets supplemented with sunflowerseed oil (rich in linoleic acid, LA, C18:2n-6), linseed oil (enriched with alpha-linolenic acid, LNA, C18:3n-3) and canned mackerel (rich in eicosapentaenoic acid, EPA, C20:5n-3 and docosahexaenoic acid, DHA, C22:6n-3) were made in 30 patients with primary hyperlipoproteinemia (HLP) of(More)
The purpose of the present study was to determine whether blockade of excitatory amino acid receptors at the ventrolateral nucleus of the tractus solitarius would influence respiratory activity. This was done by microinjecting excitatory amino acid receptor antagonists into the ventrolateral nucleus of the tractus solitarius of alpha-chloralose-anesthetized(More)
Fourteen male patients with mild essential hypertension were put on a mackerel and herring diet within a prescribed isocaloric regimen in a cross-over design for 2 weeks. After mackerel diet eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA-C20:5, n-3) appeared more in cholesterol esters (1.7-11.0%), whereas docosahexaenoic acid (DHA-C22:6, n-3) was predominantly incorporated(More)
Forty-four male in-patients with mild essential hypertension were randomly allocated to three groups and put on diets supplemented with 60 ml/day of olive (n = 15), sunflowerseed (n = 15) or linseed oils (n = 14), respectively, for two weeks within a blind study. In the group receiving sunflowerseed oil an increase of linoleic acid in serum lipids could be(More)
BACKGROUND Inotropic drugs are often used to treat acute, severe heart failure resulting from acute myocardial infarction and other unstable coronary artery syndromes. However, catecholamine inotropic agents may potentiate coronary thrombosis via a platelet alpha2-adrenergic mechanism, thus exacerbating the original problem. The present studies were(More)
BACKGROUND Spatial and timely variations in QT interval, even within its normal range, may underlie susceptibility to cardiac arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. Given its important role in cardiac electrophysiology, we hypothesized that common genetic variation in ankyrin-B gene (ANK2) might modify QT interval length. METHODS AND RESULTS The study(More)
Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) at 4 weeks of age were fed a diet supplemented with sunflowerseed oil (SO), evening primrose oil (EPO), fish oil (FO) or EPO + FO for 22 weeks. A diet with commercially available pellets served as control. Systolic blood pressure was significantly lower during and after FO, EPO and EPO + FO, whereas the lower level(More)
Twelve male patients with mild essential hypertension were put on a diet supplemented with 2 cans of mackerel/day (= 2.2 g daily of eicosapentaenoic acid, EPA, C20:5 n-3 and 2.8 g daily of docosahexaenoic acid, DHA, C22:6 n-3) for 2 weeks within an isocaloric regimen and then with 3 cans/week (= 3.3 g/week, equivalent to 0.47 g daily of EPA and 4.2 g/week,(More)