Irina V. Utkina-Sosunova

Learn More
Oxidative stress and Ca(2+) toxicity are mechanisms of hypoxic-ischemic (HI) brain injury. This work investigates if partial inhibition of mitochondrial respiratory chain protects HI brain by limiting a generation of oxidative radicals during reperfusion. HI insult was produced in p10 mice treated with complex I (C-I) inhibitor, pyridaben, or vehicle.(More)
BACKGROUND The return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) is a primary goal of resuscitation. For neonatal resuscitation the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) recommends oxygen concentrations ranging from 21% to 100%. AIMS AND METHODS This study (a) compared the efficacy of resuscitation with room air (RA) or 100% O(2) in achieving(More)
Nelfinavir (NLF), an antiretroviral agent, preserves mitochondrial membranes integrity and protects mature brain against ischemic injury in rodents. Our study demonstrates that in neonatal mice NLF significantly limits mitochondrial calcium influx, the event associated with protection of the brain against hypoxic-ischemic insult (HI). Compared to the(More)
This study demonstrates that in mice subjected to hypoxia-ischemia (HI) brain injury isoflurane anesthesia initiated upon reperfusion limits a release of mitochondrial oxidative radicals by inhibiting a recovery of complex-I dependent mitochondrial respiration. This significantly attenuates an oxidative stress and reduces the extent of HI brain injury.(More)
Very low birth weight (VLBW) premature infants experience numerous, often self-limited non-bradycardic episodes of intermittent hypoxemia (IH). We hypothesized that these episodes of IH affect postnatal white matter (WM) development causing hypomyelination and neurological handicap in the absence of cellular degeneration. Based on clinical data from ten(More)
Hyperoxia inhibits pulmonary bioenergetics, causing delayed alveolarization in mice. We hypothesized that mechanical ventilation (MV) also causes a failure of bioenergetics to support alveolarization. To test this hypothesis, neonatal mice were ventilated with room air for 8 hours (prolonged) or for 2 hours (brief) with 15 μl/g (aggressive) tidal volume(More)
BACKGROUND Premature infants with lung injury often experience intermittent episodes of hypoxemia. OBJECTIVE This study investigates whether intermittent hypoxemia exacerbates oxidative stress and lung injury in neonatal mice in a hyperoxia-induced model of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). METHODS For the BPD model, 3-day-old C57Bl/6J mice were exposed(More)
This work was undertaken to develop a method for the isolation of mitochondria from a single cerebral hemisphere in neonatal mice. Mitochondria from the normal mouse brain hemisphere isolated by the proposed method exhibited a good respiratory control ratio of 6.39 +/- 0.53 during glutamate-malate-induced phosphorylating respiration. Electron microscopy(More)
  • 1