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BACKGROUND Formation of long-term memories is critically dependent on extracellular-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling. Activation of the ERK pathway by the sequential recruitment of mitogen-activated protein kinases is well understood. In contrast, the proteins that inactivate this pathway are not as well characterized. METHODS Here we tested the(More)
An autoimmune-mediated mechanism has been proposed for several pediatric movement disorders. In a three-center (Brown, Yale, and Johns Hopkins) collaborative effort, serum antineuronal antibodies (ANAb) were measured by use of ELISA or immunohistochemical techniques on 35 children (mean age 11.4 years) with Tourette syndrome, attention deficit hyperactivity(More)
We analyzed medium-term efficiency and safety of biological therapy of Crohn’s disease, in particular transplantation of allogenic mesenchymal stromal bone marrow cells and anticytokine therapy with selective immunosuppressive agents. It was found that both methods of biological therapy of refractory Crohn’s disease resulted in clinical and in some cases(More)
AIM To compare the safety of therapy in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) who have received combination anti-inflammatory therapy using bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) and standard therapy with 5-aminosalicylic acid, glucocorticosteroids, and immunosuppressive agents. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Unfavorable consequences(More)
There are more than 500 species of microbes in the human bowels, and their total amount reaches 10(14), which is much higher than the total quantity of the cellular content in human organism. The history of teaching about microbiocenosis demonstrates various connections of microorganisms with the bowels and other organs and systems of human body. The(More)
AIM to determine the whether mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) may be used in the treatment of patients with chrOnic intestinal inflammatory diseases (IID). SUBJECTS AND METHODS Thirty-nine patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) (Group 1) and 11 with Crohn's disease (CD) (Group 2) were examined. Comparative groups included 30 patients with UC (Group 2) and 10(More)
Systemic transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) is known to promote reparative process in a number of tissue damage as well as mucous healing one. It provided the basis for our study which was aimed to the effect of systemic transplantation of allogenic MSC (intravenous transfusion) in complex therapy of patients with Ulcerative Colitis.
This research is a continuation of the series of studies of the parietal microbiota of the bowel tissue samplings by the gas chromatography and mass spectrometry (GCMS) method [G.A. Ossipov et al.//Journal of the Society of Russian Gastroenterologists, 2001, 1:54-69]. The purpose was to study a number of new microorganisms in view of new data on the(More)
Immunology has grown beyond the classic doctrine of immunity to infectious diseases, and gradually covered the problems of general physiology and pathology, genetics, embryology, transplantation, oncology and many other disciplines. A new direction has appeared--immunogenetics, which should help to answer questions the disposition and/or resistance to(More)
The aging process decreases the efficiency of the immune system is to maintain the constancy of the antigenic composition of the body. The process of recognition of own and foreign antigens is becoming less accurate, the intensity of immune responses is reduced. This leads to a characteristic of aging immunopathologic syndromes: an immune deficiency,(More)