Irina Kovyazina

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The temperature dependence of miniature endplate current (MEPC) amplitude (A(c)), 20-80% rise time (t(r)), and 90-33% fall-time (t(f)) was determined for lizard (Anolis carolinensis) intercostal muscle using broadband extracellular (EC) and voltage clamp (VC) recordings. Voltage clamp methods were optimized for the fast MEPC rising phase using custom(More)
For the first time the venom of recently established viper species Vipera nikolskii was fractionated and two heterodimeric phospholipases A(2) (HDP-1 and HDP-2) were isolated. Isolation of HDP-1 and HDP-2 is the first indication of the presence of two heterodimeric phospholipases A(2) in the venom of one viper species. When tested on the frog neuromuscular(More)
The effects of high-frequency nerve stimulation (10-100 Hz) on the kinetics of evoked acetylcholine quanta secretion from frog motor nerve endings were studied. The amplitude and temporal parameters of uni- and multiquantal endplate currents were analysed to estimate the possible changes in the degree of synchrony of quantal release. The frog neuromuscular(More)
Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is an enzyme that hydrolyses the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, thereby limiting spillover and duration of action. This study demonstrates the existence of an endogenous mechanism for the regulation of synaptic AChE activity. At the rat extensor digitorum longus neuromuscular junction, activation of N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA)(More)
Mathematical modeling was applied to study the dependence of miniature endplate current (MEPC) amplitude and temporal parameters on the values of the rate constants of acetylcholine binding to receptors (k+) when cholinesterase was either active or inactive. The simulation was performed under two different sets of parameters describing acetylcholine(More)
The kinetics of neurotransmitter release was recognized recently as an important contributor to synaptic efficiency. Since adenosine is the ubiquitous modulator of presynaptic release in peripheral and central synapses, in the current project we studied the action of this purine on the timing of acetylcholine quantal release from motor nerve terminals in(More)
Derivative of 6-methyluracil, selective cholinesterase inhibitor C-547 potentiates miniature endplate currents (MEPCs) in rat external intercostal muscles (external ICM) more effectively than in internal intercostal muscles (internal ICM). Effect of the C-547 on intercostal muscles was compared with those on extensor digitorum longus (EDL) and diaphragm(More)
The timing of transmitter release from nerve endings is considered nowadays as one of the factors determining the plasticity and efficacy of synaptic transmission. In the neuromuscular junction, the moments of release of individual acetylcholine quanta are related to the synaptic delays of uniquantal endplate currents recorded under conditions of lowered(More)
We investigated the effects of repetitive high-frequency (10 sec-1) nerve stimulation on the time course of evoked and miniature end-plate currents (EPC and mEPC, respectively) in the frog neuromuscular junction. The data obtained indicate that at a physiological Ca2+ level in the bath medium, 10 sec-1 stimulation results in prolongation of the growth phase(More)
The maintenance of normal acetylcholine (ACh) turnover is a necessary condition for the proper functioning of the cholinergic synapses. Among all components required for ACh synthesis, only choline must enter the nerve terminal from the extracellular fluid. About half of the choline transported into cholinergic axon terminals comes from hydrolysis by(More)