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We present new diffusion phantoms dedicated to the study and validation of high-angular-resolution diffusion imaging (HARDI) models. The phantom design permits the application of imaging parameters that are typically employed in studies of the human brain. The phantoms were made of small-diameter acrylic fibers, chosen for their high hydrophobicity and(More)
There were two aims to this study. First, to explore how the reduction in the volume of abnormal T2-signal intensity associated with white matter (WM) lesions in multiple sclerosis (MS) relates to tissue loss resulting from focal pathology inside lesions. Second, to demonstrate that this volume of abnormal T2-signal intensity underestimates the actual size(More)
The choice of local HARDI reconstruction technique is crucial for discerning multiple fiber orientations, which is itself of substantial importance for tractography, and reliable and accurate assessment of white matter fiber geometry. Due to the complexity of the diffusion process and its milieu, distinct diffusion compartments can have different frequency(More)
We have developed a general framework which employs quantitative computed tomography (QCT) imaging and inter-subject image registration to model the three-dimensional structure of the hip, with the goal of quantifying changes in the spatial distribution of bone as it is affected by aging, drug treatment or mechanical unloading. We have adapted rigid and(More)
The pathogenesis of tissue injury outside the white matter (WM) plaques of multiple sclerosis (MS) has not yet been clearly defined. To better understand the pathogenesis of this injury and the associated atrophy, we investigated volume loss over time in 20 WM fiber tracts. We defined two main aims: (1) to examine whether certain fiber tracts were more(More)
The idea underpinning the work we present herein is to design robust and objective tools for brain white matter (WM) morphometry. We focus on WM tracts, and propose to represent them by their mean lines, to which we associate the attributes derived from high-angular resolution diffusion imaging (HARDI). The definition of the tract mean line derives directly(More)
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