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AIMS In endothelial cells, caveolin-1 (cav-1) is known to negatively modulate the activation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase, a key regulator of blood pressure (BP). However, the impact of genetic alteration of cav-1 on vascular nitric oxide (NO) production and BP homeostasis in vivo is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS We used spectral analysis of(More)
The water channels, aquaporins (AQPs) are key mediators of transcellular fluid transport. However, their expression and role in cardiac tissue is poorly characterized. Particularly, AQP1 was suggested to transport other molecules (nitric oxide (NO), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)) with potential major bearing on cardiovascular physiology. We therefore examined(More)
This study investigated the consequences of deletion of the long isoform of myosin light chain kinase (MLCK210) on the cardiovascular changes induced by the bacterial endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and cecal ligation puncture using MLCK210-/- mice. Here, we provide evidence that deletion of MLCK210 enhanced survival after intraperitoneal injection of(More)
An enhanced endothelial formation of nitric oxide (NO) by red wine polyphenolic compounds (RWPs) has been involved in the protective effect of chronic intake of red wine on coronary diseases. However, the mechanism underlying the activation of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) remains unclear. In the presence of indomethacin and charybdotoxin plus apamin to(More)
BACKGROUND The therapeutic effects of nonspecific beta-blockers are limited by vasoconstriction, thus justifying the interest in molecules with ancillary vasodilating properties. Nebivolol is a selective beta1-adrenoreceptor antagonist that releases nitric oxide (NO) through incompletely characterized mechanisms. We identified endothelial(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate whether nebivolol has added effects on left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and remodeling early after myocardial infarction (MI) beyond its β₁-receptor-blocking properties. BACKGROUND Nebivolol is a third-generation selective β₁-adrenoreceptor antagonist that stimulates endothelial cell nitric oxide (NO)(More)
BACKGROUND β1-2-adrenergic receptors (AR) are key regulators of cardiac contractility and remodeling in response to catecholamines. β3-AR expression is enhanced in diseased human myocardium, but its impact on remodeling is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS Mice with cardiac myocyte-specific expression of human β3-AR (β3-TG) and wild-type (WT) littermates were(More)
BACKGROUND Beneficial effects of lactobacilli have been reported in experimental colitis. On the other hand, despite the controversial role of nitric oxide (NO) in the inflammatory gut process, a protective action of exogenous NO in inflammation has been suggested. Consequently, this study aimed to determine the effect of (i) sodium nitroprusside (SNP), a(More)
OBJECTIVE We analyzed the role of caveolin-1 (Cav-1) in the cross-talk between NADPH oxidase and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) signaling in endothelial caveolae. METHODS AND RESULTS In intact endothelial cells, angiotensin II (AII) concurrently increased NO and O(2)(-·) production (to 158±12% and 209±5% of control). NO production was sensitive(More)
The biology of NO (nitric oxide) is poorly explained by the activity of the free radical NO ((.)NO) itself. Although (.)NO acts in an autocrine and paracrine manner, it is also in chemical equilibrium with other NO species that constitute stable stores of NO bioactivity. Among these species, S-nitrosylated hemoglobin (S-nitrosohemoglobin; SNO-Hb) is an(More)