Irina I. Lobysheva

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AIMS In endothelial cells, caveolin-1 (cav-1) is known to negatively modulate the activation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase, a key regulator of blood pressure (BP). However, the impact of genetic alteration of cav-1 on vascular nitric oxide (NO) production and BP homeostasis in vivo is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS We used spectral analysis of(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate whether nebivolol has added effects on left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and remodeling early after myocardial infarction (MI) beyond its β₁-receptor-blocking properties. BACKGROUND Nebivolol is a third-generation selective β₁-adrenoreceptor antagonist that stimulates endothelial cell nitric oxide (NO)(More)
BACKGROUND The therapeutic effects of nonspecific beta-blockers are limited by vasoconstriction, thus justifying the interest in molecules with ancillary vasodilating properties. Nebivolol is a selective beta1-adrenoreceptor antagonist that releases nitric oxide (NO) through incompletely characterized mechanisms. We identified endothelial(More)
The water channels, aquaporins (AQPs) are key mediators of transcellular fluid transport. However, their expression and role in cardiac tissue is poorly characterized. Particularly, AQP1 was suggested to transport other molecules (nitric oxide (NO), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)) with potential major bearing on cardiovascular physiology. We therefore examined(More)
BACKGROUND β1-2-adrenergic receptors (AR) are key regulators of cardiac contractility and remodeling in response to catecholamines. β3-AR expression is enhanced in diseased human myocardium, but its impact on remodeling is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS Mice with cardiac myocyte-specific expression of human β3-AR (β3-TG) and wild-type (WT) littermates were(More)
BACKGROUND Beneficial effects of lactobacilli have been reported in experimental colitis. On the other hand, despite the controversial role of nitric oxide (NO) in the inflammatory gut process, a protective action of exogenous NO in inflammation has been suggested. Consequently, this study aimed to determine the effect of (i) sodium nitroprusside (SNP), a(More)
BACKGROUND Nitric oxide (NO) is present in various human solid tumors and tumor cell lines, and it is believed that NO plays an important role in tumor growth. An increased NO concentration catalyzed by NO synthase (NOS) is cytotoxic and can promote apoptosis. The expression of endothelial NOS (e-NOS) and induced NOS (i-NOS) was examined in various breast(More)
OBJECTIVE We analyzed the role of caveolin-1 (Cav-1) in the cross-talk between NADPH oxidase and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) signaling in endothelial caveolae. METHODS AND RESULTS In intact endothelial cells, angiotensin II (AII) concurrently increased NO and O(2)(-·) production (to 158±12% and 209±5% of control). NO production was sensitive(More)
The ability of various nitric oxide (NO) donors to induce long-lasting inhibition of contraction in isolated arteries was compared. All the studied compounds elicited a relaxant effect in rat aortic rings precontracted with norepinephrine (NE). Almost maximal relaxation was obtained with 1 microM of each compound. The S-nitrosating agents(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the beneficial role of prebiotics on endothelial dysfunction, an early key marker of cardiovascular diseases, in an original mouse model linking steatosis and endothelial dysfunction. DESIGN We examined the contribution of the gut microbiota to vascular dysfunction observed in apolipoprotein E knockout (Apoe-/-) mice fed an n-3(More)