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AIMS In endothelial cells, caveolin-1 (cav-1) is known to negatively modulate the activation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase, a key regulator of blood pressure (BP). However, the impact of genetic alteration of cav-1 on vascular nitric oxide (NO) production and BP homeostasis in vivo is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS We used spectral analysis of(More)
The water channels, aquaporins (AQPs) are key mediators of transcellular fluid transport. However, their expression and role in cardiac tissue is poorly characterized. Particularly, AQP1 was suggested to transport other molecules (nitric oxide (NO), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)) with potential major bearing on cardiovascular physiology. We therefore examined(More)
BACKGROUND The therapeutic effects of nonspecific beta-blockers are limited by vasoconstriction, thus justifying the interest in molecules with ancillary vasodilating properties. Nebivolol is a selective beta1-adrenoreceptor antagonist that releases nitric oxide (NO) through incompletely characterized mechanisms. We identified endothelial(More)
BACKGROUND Nitric oxide (NO) is present in various human solid tumors and tumor cell lines, and it is believed that NO plays an important role in tumor growth. An increased NO concentration catalyzed by NO synthase (NOS) is cytotoxic and can promote apoptosis. The expression of endothelial NOS (e-NOS) and induced NOS (i-NOS) was examined in various breast(More)
This study investigated the consequences of deletion of the long isoform of myosin light chain kinase (MLCK210) on the cardiovascular changes induced by the bacterial endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and cecal ligation puncture using MLCK210-/- mice. Here, we provide evidence that deletion of MLCK210 enhanced survival after intraperitoneal injection of(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate whether nebivolol has added effects on left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and remodeling early after myocardial infarction (MI) beyond its β₁-receptor-blocking properties. BACKGROUND Nebivolol is a third-generation selective β₁-adrenoreceptor antagonist that stimulates endothelial cell nitric oxide (NO)(More)
BACKGROUND β1-2-adrenergic receptors (AR) are key regulators of cardiac contractility and remodeling in response to catecholamines. β3-AR expression is enhanced in diseased human myocardium, but its impact on remodeling is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS Mice with cardiac myocyte-specific expression of human β3-AR (β3-TG) and wild-type (WT) littermates were(More)
BACKGROUND Beneficial effects of lactobacilli have been reported in experimental colitis. On the other hand, despite the controversial role of nitric oxide (NO) in the inflammatory gut process, a protective action of exogenous NO in inflammation has been suggested. Consequently, this study aimed to determine the effect of (i) sodium nitroprusside (SNP), a(More)
An enhanced endothelial formation of nitric oxide (NO) by red wine polyphenolic compounds (RWPs) has been involved in the protective effect of chronic intake of red wine on coronary diseases. However, the mechanism underlying the activation of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) remains unclear. In the presence of indomethacin and charybdotoxin plus apamin to(More)
Destructive effect of superoxide anions O2- derived from KO(2) or xanthine-xanthine oxidase system on dinitrosyl-iron complexes bound with bovine albumin or methemoglobin (DNIC-BSA or DNIC-MetHb) was demonstrated. The sensitivity of DNIC-BSA synthesized by the addition of DNIC with cysteine, thiosulfate or phosphate (DNIC-BSA-1, DNIC-BSA-2 or DNIC-BSA-3,(More)