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We describe the different length (DL) qPCR method for quantification of UV induced DNA damage in cell killing. The principle of DL qPCR is that DNA damage inhibits PCR. Applications with different lengths can therefore be used to detect different levels of UV-induced DNA damage. The assay was evaluated on three strains of Escherichia coli exposed to varying(More)
BACKGROUND The composition of extracellular matrix in human xenografts and spheroids were compared with the monolayer cultures from which they originated. Collagen I, fibronectin, acetylglucosamine, and acetylgalactosamine were quantitated in two osteosarcomas and one melanoma. METHODS Using fluorescence microscopy, extracellular matrix constituents in(More)
Crossed immunoelectrophoresis of Triton X-100 solubilized proteins from normal and abnormal platelets was performed with rabbit antibodies raised against normal platelets. In Bernard-Soulier platelets protein 13 was not detected, and neither the amphiphilic (probably GP Ib) nor the hydrophilic (glycocalicin) glycocalicin-related proteins were seen when(More)
Whole human platelets and platelet membranes have been solubilized in 1% Triton X-100, and the solubilized proteins examined by crossed immunoelectrophoresis using rabbit antibodies raised against either whole platelets or isolated membranes. 90% of the platelet proteins were solubilized by this extraction. About twenty immunoprecipitates were observed(More)
A 15-year-old girl with severe factor VII deficiency and chronic arthropathy showed an excessively prolonged bleeding time. Further studies demonstrated low platelet adhesiveness and abnormal platelet aggregation with ADP, collagen and epinephrine. Release of 14C-serotonin was deficient after aggregation with ADP and epinephrine, but was normal with(More)
The protein composition of a well-defined alpha-granule preparation isolated from human platelets has been studied. Crossed immunoelectrophoresis against polyspecific platelet antibodies revealed more than 20 immunoprecipitates. The glycoprotein IIb-IIIa complex represented a major antigen in the Triton X-100-solubilized alpha-granule preparation and(More)
We have isolated and characterized a cDNA clone containing DNA sequences coding for the noncollagenous carboxy-terminal domain of human pro alpha 2(IV) collagen. Using this cDNA clone in both Southern blot analysis of DNA isolated from human-mouse somatic-cell hybrids and in situ hybridization of normal human metaphase chromosomes, we have demonstrated that(More)
Several polycyclic aromatic compounds (PAC) including nitrated and oxygenated derivatives of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) were tested for mutagenic activity in the Salmonella/microsome assay. Among the compounds tested the isomer mix of nitro-1-hydroxypyrenes showed the highest direct mutagenic response in both the Salmonella strain TA98 and TA100(More)