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Knowledge of hepatitis B and C prevalence, and numbers infected, are important for planning responses. Published HBsAg and anti-HCV prevalences for the 20 WHO European Region countries outside the EU/EFTA were extracted, to complement published data for the EU/EFTA. The general population prevalence of HBsAg (median 3·8%, mean 5·0%, seven countries) ranged(More)
Most of the estimated 350 million people with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection live in resource-constrained settings. Up to 25% of those persons will die prematurely of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) or cirrhosis. Universal hepatitis B immunization programmes that target infants will have an impact on HBV-related deaths several decades after their(More)
These 13 treatment and care protocols are the cornerstone of the strategic actions that WHO has taken on as part of its contribution to universal access to HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment, care and support services as agreed on by the member states of the United Nations. They replace HIV/AIDS Treatment and Care: WHO protocols for CIS countries (2004) and(More)
For the first time a nosocomial focus of HIV infection was established. Out of 83,000 inhabitants of the Kalmyck ASSR who underwent planned examination in the course of epidemiological investigation, 65 cases of HIV infection were detected and all of them were traced to the focus of hospital infection (56 children and 9 adults: 1 man and 8 women; of these,(More)
Every reasonable effort has been made to verify the accuracy of data and of all the information presented in this report. The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the contributing authors and do not necessarily reflect the policies or the views of UNICEF and WHO. 3 Towards the elimination of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in(More)
The hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) epidemics warrant a comprehensive response based on reliable population-level information about transmission, disease progression and disease burden, with national surveillance systems playing a major role. In order to shed light on the status of surveillance in countries of the World Health(More)
ISSUES HIV/hepatitis coinfection in Europe; WHO European clinical protocols on the management of people coinfected with HIV/AIDS and hepatitis B or C (HBV or HCV); stakeholder recommendations for better HCV services. INTRODUCTION The increasing availability of highly active antiretroviral therapy throughout Europe and central Asia has changed comorbidity(More)
BACKGROUND Unsafe injections, through infectious bodily fluids, are a major route of transmission for hepatitis B and C. Viral hepatitis burden among people who inject drugs is particularly high in many Member States of central and Eastern Europe while national capacity and willingness to address it varies greatly. METHODS The initial survey included 43(More)
The article deals with the epidemiological investigation of cases of HIV infection among the population of homosexuals. 119 representatives of this population were checked in their sexual contacts; of these, 13 persons proved to be infected with HIV. HIV infection was found to penetrate into the homosexual population of the USSR from the countries of(More)