Irina C Dynin

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We developed a sensitive mass spectrometry-based method of quantitating the prions present in a variety of mammalian species. Calibration curves relating the area ratios of the integrated MRM signals from selected analyte peptides and their oxidized analogues to their homologous stable isotope labeled internal standards were prepared. The limit of detection(More)
Elucidation of the structure of PrP(Sc) continues to be one major challenge in prion research. The mechanism of propagation of these infectious agents will not be understood until their structure is solved. Given that high resolution techniques such as NMR or X-ray crystallography cannot be used, a number of lower resolution analytical approaches have been(More)
Sensitive quantitation of prions in biological samples is an extremely important and challenging analytical problem. Prions are the cause of several fatal neurodegenerative diseases known as transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs). At this time, there are no methods to diagnose TSEs in live animals or to assure a prion-free blood supply for humans.(More)
Prions are infectious proteins that are able to recruit a normal cellular prion protein and convert it into a prion. The mechanism of this conversion is unknown. Detailed analysis of the normal cellular prion protein and a corresponding prion has shown they possess identical post-translational modifications and differ solely in conformation. Recent work has(More)
Shiga-like toxins (verotoxins) are a class of AB5 holotoxins that are primarily responsible for the virulence associated with Shiga-like toxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC) infections. The holotoxins are composed of a pentamer of identical subunits (B subunit) responsible for delivering the catalytic subunit (A subunit) to a host cell and facilitating(More)
We employed a sensitive mass spectrometry-based method to deconstruct, confirm, and quantitate the prions present in elk naturally infected with chronic wasting disease and sheep naturally infected with scrapie. We used this approach to study the oxidation of a methionine at position 216 (Met216), because this oxidation (MetSO216) has been implicated in(More)
Prions (PrP(Sc)) are molecular pathogens that are able to convert the isosequential normal cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) into a prion. The only demonstrated difference between PrP(C) and PrP(Sc) is conformational: they are isoforms. A given host can be infected by more than one kind or strain of prion. Five strains of hamster-adapted scrapie [Sc237(More)
The ability of PrP to convert PrP into protease-resistance isoforms has been exploited using a variety of techniques such as protein misfolding cyclic amplification (PMCA), quaking induced conversion (QuIC) and most recently, real-time quaking induced conversion (RT-QuIC). These cell-free assays have enabled a better understanding of prion diseases and have(More)
One of the main characteristics of the transmissible isoform of the prion protein (PrP) is its partial resistance to proteinase K (PK) digestion. Diagnosis of prion disease typically relies upon immunodetection of PK-digested PrP following Western blot or ELISA. More recently, researchers determined that there is a sizeable fraction of PrP that is sensitive(More)
More sensitive detection of prions in brain is important because it would allow early detection of disease in young animals and assure a safer food supply. We have quantitated the amount of proteinase K-resistant prion protein (PrP 27-30) by use of nano-scale liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry using the multiple reaction monitoring(More)