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Following cerebral ischemia, perilesional astrocytes and activated microglia form a glial scar that hinders the genesis of new axons and blood vessels in the infarcted region. Since glial reactivity is chronically augmented in the normal aging brain, the authors hypothesized that postischemic gliosis would be temporally abnormal in aged rats compared to(More)
The age-related decline in plasticity of the brain may be one factor underlying poor functional recovery after stroke. In the present work we tested the hypothesis that the attenuation of neural plasticity in old age could be the result of an altered temporal relationship between factors promoting brain plasticity [microtubule-associated protein 1B (MAP1B)](More)
Kindled seizures are widely used as a model for epileptogenesis. Although the achievement of kindling criterion is known to require time to develop, the precise developmental period has not been identified. We now report that optimal achievement of the kindling criterion in the Sprague-Dawley rat is associated with a critical inter-stimulus interval of 24(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The age-related decline in plasticity of the brain may be one factor underlying the poor functional recovery after stroke. In the present work we tested the hypothesis that the attenuation of neural plasticity could be the result of an age-related REDUCTION in the upregulation of factors promoting brain plasticity(More)
Old age is associated with a deficient recovery from stroke, but the cellular mechanisms underlying such phenomena are poorly understood. To address this issue, focal cerebral ischemia was produced by reversible occlusion of the right middle cerebral artery in 3- and 20-month-old male Sprague-Dawley rats. Aged rats showed a delayed and suboptimal functional(More)
The ability of the rodent brain to support plasticity-related phenomena declines with increasing age. A decreased coordination of genes implicated in brain plasticity may be one factor contributing to this decline. Synaptic rearrangement that occurs after seizure activity is regarded as a model of brain plasticity. In a rat model of seizure-related brain(More)
Old age is associated with an enhanced susceptibility to stroke and poor recovery from brain injury, but the cellular mechanisms underlying such phenomena are not known. Using BrdU-labeling, quantitative immunohistochemistry and 3D-reconstruction of confocal images in a rat model of mild cerebral ischemia, we found that aged rats are highly susceptible to(More)
The ability of the rodent brain to support plasticity-related phenomena declines with increasing age. A decreased coordination of genes implicated in brain plasticity may be one factor contributing to this decline. Synaptic rearrangement that occurs after seizure activity is regarded as a model of brain plasticity. In a rat model of seizure-related brain(More)
It has been demonstrated that exposure to cocaine increases cell death in the fetal CNS. To examine the molecular mechanisms of this effect, we employed mouse oligo microarrays followed by real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (real-time RT-PCR) to compare expressions of apoptosis-related genes in the cerebral wall of 18-day-old (E18)(More)
A. (2003) Kindling status in Sprague-Dawley rats induced by pentylenetetrazole: involvement of a critical development period. Am. (2003) Accelerated glial reactivity to stroke in aged rats correlates with reduced functional activity. Schminke U: Kommentar zu: Grundmann et al.: Aspirin non-resonder status in patients with recurrent cerebral ischemic attacks.(More)