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DNA probes with conjugated minor groove binder (MGB) groups form extremely stable duplexes with single-stranded DNA targets, allowing shorter probes to be used for hybridization based assays. In this paper, sequence specificity of 3'-MGB probes was explored. In comparison with unmodified DNA, MGB probes had higher melting temperature (T(m)) and increased(More)
Primers that contain portions noncomplementary to the target region are usually used to add to the PCR product a utility sequence such as a restriction site or a universal probe binding site. We have demonstrated that primers with short 5'AT-rich overhangs increase real-time PCR fluorescent signal. The improvement is particularly significant for difficult(More)
Here we describe the properties of a novel class of oligonucleotide probes capable of sensitive hybridization-triggered fluorescence. These fluorogenic probes, known commercially as MGB Eclipse probes, are characterized by having a conjugated minor groove binder (MGB) ligand at the 5'-end and a fluorophore at the 3'-end. Additionally, they have an efficient(More)
A minor groove binder (MGB) derivative (N-3-carbamoyl-1,2-dihydro-3H-pyrrolo[3,2-e]indole-7-carboxylate tripeptide; CDPI3) was covalently linked to the 5' or 3' end of several oligodeoxyribonucleotides (ODNs) totally complementary or possessing a single mismatch to M13mp19 single-stranded DNA. Absorption thermal denaturation and slot-blot hybridization(More)
HFE-linked hereditary hemochromatosis (HH) is one of the most common inherited diseases among individuals of Northern European ancestry. Two sites of point mutations in the HFE gene--C282Y and H63D--are associated with greater than 90% of HH cases. We have developed a sensitive real time PCR (TaqMan) 5'-nuclease assay for single nucleotide polymorphism(More)
Probe and primer design for single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) detection can be very challenging for A-T DNA-rich targets, requiring long sequences with lower specificity and stability, while G-C-rich DNA targets present limited design options to lower GC-content sequences only. We have developed the MGB Eclipse Probe System, which is composed of the(More)
Cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) overexpression has been described in sporadic colonic neoplasia, but its role in ulcerative colitis (UC) neoplastic progression remains unexplored. Although the specific role of cyclooxygenase in colonic neoplasia is uncertain, its inhibition by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs decreases the risk of sporadic colonic(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the malaria prevalence by microscopy, antigen detection and nucleic acid detection in a defined subpopulation in a Plasmodium falciparum-endemic region during the peak transmission season. METHODS Blood specimens were collected in a cross-sectional study involving children aged 5-10 years (n = 195) presenting with acute fever to(More)
Guanine (G)-rich oligodeoxyribonucleotides (ODNs) can form undesired complexes by self association through non-Watson-Crick interactions. These aggregates can compromise performance of DNA probes and make genetic analysis unpredictable. We found that the 8-aza-7-deazaguanine (PPG), a pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine analog, reduces guanine self association of(More)
A 12 nucleotide oligodeoxyribopurine tract in the gene for the chemokine receptor CCR5 has been targeted and covalently modified in intact cells by a 12mer triplex forming oligonucleotide (TFO) bearing a reactive group. A nitrogen mustard placed on the 5'-end of the purine motif TFO modified a guanine on the DNA target with high efficiency and selectivity.(More)