Iria Maria Gomez-Touriño

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Type 1 diabetes was one of the earliest disorders to be associated with the phenomenon of autoimmunity and is one of the most studied organ-specific autoimmune diseases at the epidemiologic, immunologic and genetic level. Despite this, and the emergence of a plethora of strategies for trying to intervene in, or prevent the disease, it remains at some(More)
Posttranslational modification (PTM) of islet autoantigens can cause lack of central tolerance in type 1 diabetes (T1D). Tissue transglutaminase (tTG), involved in PTM of gluten antigens in celiac disease, creates negatively charged peptides favored by T1D-predisposing HLA-DQ molecules, offering an attractive candidate modifying islet autoantigens in T1D.(More)
Studies of individual T cell antigen receptors (TCRs) have shed some light on structural features that underlie self-reactivity. However, the general rules that can be used to predict whether TCRs are self-reactive have not been fully elucidated. Here we found that the interfacial hydrophobicity of amino acids at positions 6 and 7 of the(More)
The mouse retina constitutes an important research model for studies aiming to unravel the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying ocular diseases. The accessibility of this tissue and its feasibility to directly obtain neurons from it has increased the number of studies culturing mouse retina, mainly retinal cell suspensions. However, to address many(More)
Type 1 diabetes results from destruction of insulin-producing beta cells in pancreatic islets and is characterized by islet cell autoimmunity. Autoreactivity against non-beta cell-specific antigens has also been reported, including targeting of the calcium-binding protein S100β. In preclinical models, reactivity of this type is a key component of the early(More)
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is one of the most studied archetypal organ-specific autoimmune diseases. Although many clinical, epidemiological, and pathological characteristics have been described, there are still important issues which need to be resolved as these will have a major impact on the development of future antigen-specific immunotherapies. An important(More)
HLA-DQ2/8 heterozygous individuals are at far greater risk for type 1 diabetes (T1D) development by expressing HLA-DQ8trans on antigen-presenting cells compared with HLA-DQ2 or -DQ8 homozygous individuals. Dendritic cells (DC) initiate and shape adaptive immune responses by presenting HLA-epitope complexes to naïve T cells. To dissect the role of(More)