Ireneusz T. Padol

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Cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors remain a major class of drugs in rheumatology and their widespread use is expected to continue. The view that a prothrombotic effect explains the increase in myocardial infarction (MI) associated with both COX-2 selective and traditional NSAIDs (tNSAIDs) has been increasingly questioned. We review the evidence that(More)
PREMISE It has been suggested that proton pump inhibitor (PPI)-related differences in Helicobacter pylori eradication rates are partly because of CYP2C19 polymorphisms and there have been conflicting data in this area. We conducted a meta-analysis to investigate the evidence relating CYP2C19 to first-line H. pylori eradication rates. METHODS A search of(More)
Neuropeptides can influence immune effector cell function at both systemic and mucosal immune sites. We examined the ability of substance P (SP) to modulate the natural killer (NK) activity of intestinal intraepithelial leucocytes (IEL). Yac-1 killing by IEL but not splenic cells was increased after either 18 hr preincubation or 6 hr of co-incubation with(More)
BACKGROUND Flinders Sensitive Line (FSL) rats are characterized by hypersensitivity to cholinergic stimuli and have been extensively used for studying depressive disorders. A link between depression and peptic ulcers has long been established; however, there is a lack of data from animal models. METHODS We studied the physiology of acid secretion in FSL(More)
Over the past few decades, since the introduction of histamine H(2)-receptor antagonists, proton-pump inhibitors, cyclo-oxygenase-2-selective anti-inflammatory drugs (coxibs), and eradication of Helicobacter pylori infection, the incidence of peptic ulcer disease and ulcer complications has decreased. There has, however, been an increase in ulcer bleeding,(More)
As a bacterial product, Helicobacter pylori lipopolysaccharide (LPS) can originate in close proximity to parietal cells, but the role of this uniquely structured endotoxin on acid secretion has not been fully investigated and remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to test the direct effect of purified LPS (tested range, 0.1 to 100 microg/ml) from(More)
OBJECTIVE Endothelins can act as polyfunctional cytokines. It is therefore possible that endothelins could play an active role in gut inflammation. Elevated levels of endothelin-1 have been reported in ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. The aim of this study was to establish the therapeutic effect of a 'new' endothelin receptor antagonist Ro 48-5695 in(More)
BACKGROUND Endothelins have been implicated in gastric mucosal damage in a variety of animal models. Exogenous ET-1 and ET-3 are causally associated with experimental gastric ulcers. Furthermore, clinical reports also show elevated plasma and gastric mucosal endothelin-1 levels in patients suffering from peptic ulcers. AIM To study the possibility that(More)
BACKGROUND The reciprocal antagonism of T-helper-1 (Th-1) and Th-2 type immune responses suggests that helminth parasitic infection may ameliorate disease where a Th-1 type response dominates. The Mongolian gerbil has been useful in the investigation of the pathogenesis of gastric cancer, since long-term infection of gerbils with Helicobacter pylori induces(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Acid secretion plays an important role in the ecology of Helicobacter species and acid secretory status heralds patterns of gastritis. The presence of inflammatory cells and their products, in close proximity to parietal cells, questions the extent of the effect of cytokines on acid secretion. METHODS We adopted and extensively(More)