Ireneusz Janik

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Hydroxyl radical footprinting is a valuable technique for studying protein structure, but care must be taken to ensure that the protein does not unfold during the labeling process due to oxidative damage. Footprinting methods based on submicrosecond laser photolysis of peroxide that complete the labeling process faster than the protein can unfold have been(More)
Vibrational properties of the superoxide radical anion (O2(-●) in liquid water have been experimentally investigated for the first time. The stretching frequency, its shift from the gas-phase to aqueous solution, anharmonicity constant, and the Raman bandwidths provide an insight into the radical-water interactions and the hydration cage. In view of the(More)
Pulse radiolysis experiments published several years ago (J. Phys. Chem. A, 2002, 106, 2430) raised the possibility that the carbonate radical formed from reaction of *OH radicals with either HCO(3)(-) or CO(3)(2-) might actually exist predominantly as a dimer form, for example, *(CO(3))(2)(3-). In this work we re-examine the data upon which this suggestion(More)
The decadic extinction coefficient of the hydrated electron is reported for the absorption maximum from room temperature to 380 degrees C. The extinction coefficient is established by relating the transient absorption of the hydrated electrons in the presence of a scavenger to the concentration of stable product produced in the same experiment. Scavengers(More)
The rate constants for the reactions of phenol with the hydroxyl radical (OH*) in water have been measured from room temperature to 380 degrees C using electron pulse radiolysis and transient absorption spectroscopy. The reaction scheme designed to fit the data shows the importance of an equilibrium, giving back reactants (OH* radical and phenol) from the(More)
We present the design and characteristics of an ultrathin flow cell optimized for vacuum ultraviolet transmission spectroscopy experiments on supercritical fluids. The cell operates satisfactorily at pressures up to 300 bar and temperatures up to 390 °C. The variable path length concept of the cell allows for optical transmission studies of analytes ranging(More)
The rate constant for the self-recombination of hydroxyl radicals (*OH) in aqueous solution giving H2O2 product has been measured from 150 to 350 degrees C by direct measurement of the *OH radical transient optical absorption at 250 nm. The values of the rate constant are smaller than previously predicted by extrapolation to the 200-350 degrees C range and(More)
The mechanism for acid production in phenolic extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography films containing triphenylsulfonium triflate (Ph(3)S(+)TfO(-)) acid generator has been investigated by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy and by use of the acid indicator coumarin 6 (C6). Gamma radiolysis was substituted for the EUV radiation with the(More)
The reductive conversion of CO2 into industrial products (e.g., oxalic acid, formic acid, methanol) can occur via aqueous CO2 (-) as a transient intermediate. While the formation, structure, and reaction pathways of this radical anion have been modelled for decades using various spectroscopic and theoretical approaches, we present here, for the first time,(More)
Yields for H2, H(.) atom, and hydrated electron production in beta/gamma radiolysis of water have been measured from room temperature up to 400 degrees C on a 250 bar isobar, and also as a function of pressure (density) at 380 and 400 degrees C. Radiolysis was carried out using a beam of 2-3 MeV electrons from a van de Graaff accelerator, and detection was(More)