Irene Yarovsky

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Monolayer-protected metal nanoparticles (MPMNs) are a newly discovered class of nanoparticles with an ordered, striped domain structure that can be readily manipulated by altering the ratio of the hydrophobic to hydrophilic ligands. This property makes them uniquely suited to systematic studies of the role of nanostructuring on biomolecule adsorption, a(More)
The oxidation of methionine residues in proteins can inhibit the self-assembly of proteins to form amyloid fibrils. For human apolipoprotein (apo) C-II the oxidation of methionine at position 60 inhibits fibril formation by the mature protein and by the core peptides apoC-II(56-76) and apoC-II(60-70). To investigate the molecular nature of these effects, we(More)
Interactions with membrane lipids can exert dramatic functional consequences on gap junction proteins. Recent experimental work has highlighted the importance of anionic lipids and cholesterol in facilitating channel activity. In this work, we have employed a coarse-grained molecular model in conjunction with molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to study the(More)
There are many unanswered questions regarding the precise way in which proteins respond to external stress. Since the function of proteins is critically linked to their three-dimensional structures, exposure to any form of stress which may induce changes in conformation can potentially initiate severe cellular dysfunction. This is particularly relevant with(More)
We have conducted a series of theoretical simulations of insulin chain-B under different electric field conditions. This work extends our previous studies of the isolated chain-B by including chain-A and revealing the effects of chemical stress. For this complete protein, we observed increased stability under ambient conditions and under the application of(More)
The self-assembly of specific proteins to form insoluble amyloid fibrils is a characteristic feature of a number of age-related and debilitating diseases. Lipid-free human apolipoprotein C-II (apoC-II) forms characteristic amyloid fibrils and is one of several apolipoproteins that accumulate in amyloid deposits located within atherosclerotic plaques. X-ray(More)
The bias exchange metadynamics (BE-META) technique was applied to investigate the folding mechanism of insulin, one of the most studied and biologically important proteins. The BE-META simulations were performed starting from an extended conformation of chain B of insulin, using only eight replicas and seven reaction coordinates. The folded state, together(More)
Nanotechnology is set to impact a vast range of fields, including computer science, materials technology, engineering/manufacturing and medicine. As nanotechnology grows so does exposure to nanostructured materials, thus investigation of the effects of nanomaterials on biological systems is paramount. Computational techniques can allow investigation of(More)
This study examines the adhesion of graphite to functionalized polyester surfaces using a range of qualitative and quantitative measures of theoretical adhesion. Modifications to the polyester surfaces include the addition of hydroxyl, carboxyl, or fluorine substituents with coverages of 0.4 and 0.9 groups per nm(2). In each case, the introduction of(More)
Multiple molecular dynamics simulations totaling more than 100 ns were performed on chain B of insulin in explicit solvent at 300 K and 400 K. Despite some individual variations, a comparison of the protein dynamics of each simulation showed similar trends and most structures were consistent with NMR experimental values, even at the elevated temperature.(More)