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This paper addresses the problem of background modeling for foreground object detection in complex environments. A Bayesian framework that incorporates spectral, spatial, and temporal features to characterize the background appearance is proposed. Under this framework, the background is represented by the most significant and frequent features, i.e., the(More)
This paper proposes a novel method for detection and segmentation of foreground objects from a video which contains both stationary and moving background objects and undergoes both gradual and sudden "once-off" changes. A Bayes decision rule for classification of background and foreground from selected feature vectors is formulated. Under this rule,(More)
Color is the most informative low-level feature and might convey tremendous saliency information of a given image. Unfortunately, color feature is seldom fully exploited in the previous saliency models. Motivated by the three basic disciplines of a salient object which are respectively center distribution prior, high color contrast to surroundings and(More)
This paper proposes a novel method for detecting foreground objects in nonstationary complex environments containing moving background objects. We derive a Bayes decision rule for classification of background and foreground changes based on inter-frame color co-occurrence statistics. An approach to store and fast retrieve color co-occurrence statistics is(More)
Efficiency and robustness are the two most important issues for multiobject tracking algorithms in real-time intelligent video surveillance systems. We propose a novel 2.5-D approach to real-time multiobject tracking in crowds, which is formulated as a maximum a posteriori estimation problem and is approximated through an assignment step and a location(More)
Video surveillance has drawn increasing interests in recent years. This paper addresses the issue of moving object tracking from videos. A two-step processing procedure is proposed: an incremental 2DPCA (two-dimensional Principal Component Analysis)-based method for characterizing objects given the tracked regions, and a ML (Maximum Likelihood)(More)