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This paper addresses the problem of background modeling for foreground object detection in complex environments. A Bayesian framework that incorporates spectral, spatial, and temporal features to characterize the background appearance is proposed. Under this framework, the background is represented by the most significant and frequent features, i.e., the(More)
This paper proposes a novel method for detection and segmentation of foreground objects from a video which contains both stationary and moving background objects and undergoes both gradual and sudden "once-off" changes. A Bayes decision rule for classification of background and foreground from selected feature vectors is formulated. Under this rule,(More)
Video surveillance has drawn increasing interests in recent years. This paper addresses the issue of moving object tracking from videos. A two-step processing procedure is proposed: an incremental 2DPCA (two-dimensional principal component analysis)-based method for characterizing objects given the tracked regions, and a ML (maximum likelihood)(More)
Color is the most informative low-level feature and might convey tremendous saliency information of a given image. Unfortunately, color feature is seldom fully exploited in the previous saliency models. Motivated by the three basic disciplines of a salient object which are respectively center distribution prior, high color contrast to surroundings and(More)
This paper proposes a robust object tracking method in video where the time-varying principal components of object's appearance are updated online. Instead of directly updating the PCA-based subspace using matrix decomposition, the sub-space is updated by tracking on the Grassmann manifold. The object tracker performs two alternating processes: (a) online(More)
We present a novel method for tracking multiple objects in video captured by a non-stationary camera. For low quality video, ransac estimation fails when the number of good matches shrinks below the minimum required to estimate the motion model. This paper extends ransac in the following ways: (a) Allowing multiple models of different complexity to be(More)
Salient object detection is a long-standing problem in computer vision and plays a critical role in understanding the mechanism of human visual attention. In applications that require object-level prior (e.g. image re-targeting), it is desirable that saliency detection highlights holistic objects. Lately over-segmentation techniques such as SLIC superpixel(More)
This paper addresses the issue of tracking a single visual object through crowded scenarios, where a target object may be intersected or partially occluded by other objects for a long duration, experience severe deformation and pose changes, and different motion speed in cluttered background. A robust visual object tracking scheme is proposed that exploits(More)
This paper proposes a novel method for detecting foreground objects in nonstationary complex environments containing moving background objects. We derive a Bayes decision rule for classification of background and foreground changes based on inter-frame color co-occurrence statistics. An approach to store and fast retrieve color co-occurrence statistics is(More)