Learn More
The DNA-damaging potential of pentachlorophenol (PCP) and its metabolite tetrachlorohydroquinone (TCH) was investigated. TCH was found to bind covalently to calf-thymus DNA and to cause single-strand breaks in PM2 DNA. No DNA-damaging effects were observed for PCP. Exposure of human fibroblasts to PCP and TCH showed that TCH is more toxic, when(More)
Tetrachlorohydroquinone (TCHQ), which has previously been identified as a metabolite of pentachlorophenol, induces DNA strand breaks in isolated DNA and in human fibroblasts. Strand break formation in PM2 DNA is prevented by the addition of catalase and the hydroxyl radical scavengers DMSO, ethanol and mannitol, whereas addition of SOD reduced SSB only(More)
Early screening of drug candidates for genotoxicity typically includes an analysis for mutagenicity in bacteria and for clastogenicity in cultured mammalian cells. In addition, in recent years, an early assessment of photogenotoxicity potential has become increasingly important. Also, for screening purposes, expert computer systems can be used to identify(More)
The high-throughput comet assay was developed to reduce the processing time and to increase sample-throughput of the assay as described by Tice et al. (RR. Tice, E. Agurell, D. Anderson, B. Burlinson, A. Hartmann, H. Kobayashi, Y. Miyamae, E. Rojas, JC. Ryu, YF. Sasaki. Single cell gel/comet assay: guidelines for in vitro and in vivo genetic toxicology(More)
U 46 D Fluid (the dimethylammonium salt of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid in a commercial formulation) was more toxic to human fibroblasts than 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D). Moreover, U 46 D Fluid induced single-strand breaks at apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) sites of heat-acid treated PM2 DNA while 2,4-D did not. The 1H-NMR spectrum of the(More)
Genotoxic combination effects of oxidative stress (induced by H2O2) and eight nongenotoxic environmental chemicals (4-chloroaniline, 2,3,4,6-tetrachlorophenol, lindane, 2,4-dichloroacetic acid (2,4-D), m-xylene, glyphosate, nitrilotriacetic acid and n-hexanol) were determined in human fibroblasts. Genotoxicity was measured quantitatively by the single cell(More)
The toxicity and mutagenicity of aqueous and organic extracts of soil contaminated with TNT, TNT metabolites and hexogen was determined in mammalian cell lines and in prokaryotic cells. The prokaryotic toxicity was determined via the colony forming ability of Salmonella typhimurium (strains TA 98 and TA 100). The same strains were used to test mutagenicity(More)
The industrial pollutant 2,4,5-trichlorophenol (2,4,5-TCP) was metabolized with postmitochondrial liver fraction from Aroclor-1254 induced rats. The generated metabolites induced single strand breaks in PM2 DNA. Among the metabolites produced are the 3,4,6-trichlorocatechol (TCC) and the 2,5-dichlorohydro-quinone (DCH), whereby the induction of DNA scission(More)
Recently a high-throughput version of the comet assay was developed using a special 96-well multichamber plate (MCP) [1]. In this version, the electrophoresis is performed directly on the MCP, which makes transferring of cells to microscope slides unnecessary. In order to facilitate the scoring procedure we adapted an automated slide-scanning system(More)