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Tetrachlorohydroquinone (TCHQ), which has previously been identified as a metabolite of pentachlorophenol, induces DNA strand breaks in isolated DNA and in human fibroblasts. Strand break formation in PM2 DNA is prevented by the addition of catalase and the hydroxyl radical scavengers DMSO, ethanol and mannitol, whereas addition of SOD reduced SSB only(More)
The toxicity and mutagenicity of aqueous and organic extracts of soil contaminated with TNT, TNT metabolites and hexogen was determined in mammalian cell lines and in prokaryotic cells. The prokaryotic toxicity was determined via the colony forming ability of Salmonella typhimurium (strains TA 98 and TA 100). The same strains were used to test mutagenicity(More)
The DNA damage by platinum cytostatics is thought to be the main cause of their cytotoxicity. Therefore the measurement of the DNA damage induced by cis- and carboplatin should reflect the sensitivity of cancer cells toward the platinum chemotherapeutics. DNA damage induced by cis- and carboplatin in primary cells of ovarian carcinomas was determined by the(More)
A new, high-throughput version of the comet assay was developed using human fibroblasts (Stang and Witte, 2009). The present study examines the suitability of other adherent and non-adherent cell types in this high-throughput assay. We found that in addition to V79 human fibroblasts, HeLa cells, Hep-G2 cells, and lymphocytes can be used. The time intervals(More)
The carcinogenic compound 2,4,6-trichlorophenol (2,4,6-TCP) was incubated with rat liver S-9 fraction. Three metabolites were identified: 2,6-dichloro-1,4-hydroquinone (DHQ), and two isomers of hydroxypentachlorodiphenyl ether (OH-Cl5-DPE). The latter are probably products of microsomal .OH radical attack on the trichlorophenol molecule forming phenoxy free(More)
During autoxidation of the pentachlorophenol (PCP) metabolite tetrachlorohydroquinone (TCHQ) the semiquinone is formed as well as reactive oxygen species (ROS). It was examined if *OH or the semiquinone are the cause of TCHQ-induced genotoxicity by direct comparison of TCHQ- and H(2)O(2)-induced DNA damage in human cells. All endpoints tested (DNA damage,(More)
The cytotoxicity of U46 D Fluid was tested in human fibroblasts after pretreatment with non-toxic or slightly toxic concentrations of CuCl2. While cell survival, colony-forming ability and protein synthesis were not affected by pretreatment with CuCl2, the inhibition of cell growth was enhanced as was inhibition of DNA synthesis. Synergistic effects of(More)
Genotoxic combination effects of oxidative stress (induced by H2O2) and eight nongenotoxic environmental chemicals (4-chloroaniline, 2,3,4,6-tetrachlorophenol, lindane, 2,4-dichloroacetic acid (2,4-D), m-xylene, glyphosate, nitrilotriacetic acid and n-hexanol) were determined in human fibroblasts. Genotoxicity was measured quantitatively by the single cell(More)
The DNA-damaging potential of pentachlorophenol (PCP) and its metabolite tetrachlorohydroquinone (TCH) was investigated. TCH was found to bind covalently to calf-thymus DNA and to cause single-strand breaks in PM2 DNA. No DNA-damaging effects were observed for PCP. Exposure of human fibroblasts to PCP and TCH showed that TCH is more toxic, when(More)