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Extracellular adenosine has been implicated as anti-inflammatory signaling molecule during acute lung injury (ALI). The main source of extracellular adenosine stems from a coordinated two-step enzymatic conversion of precursor nucleotides via the ecto-apyrase (CD39) and the ecto-5'-nucleotidase (CD73). In the present study, we hypothesized a critical role(More)
Extracellular adenosine and adenosine receptors are critically involved in various inflammatory pathways. Adenosine receptor A1 (A1AR) has been implicated in mediating transmigration of leukocytes to sites of inflammation. This study was designed to characterize the role of A1AR in a murine model of LPS-induced lung injury. LPS-induced transmigration of(More)
Recruiting polymorphonuclear neutrophil granulocytes (PMNs) from circulation and bone marrow to the site of inflammation is one of the pivotal mechanisms of the innate immune system. During inflammation, the enzyme heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) has been shown to reduce PMN migration. Although these effects have been described in various models, underlying(More)
Uncontrolled transmigration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) into the different compartments of the lungs (intravascular, interstitial, alveolar) is a critical event in the early stage of acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome. Adenosine receptor A(2b) is highly expressed in the inflamed lungs and has been suggested to mediate cell(More)
Adenosine receptor A(3) (A(3)) regulates directed movement of polymorphonuclear cells (PMNs) to sites of inflammation and has been implicated as a relevant mediator in models of inflammatory diseases. Here, we sought to characterize the role of A(3) in a murine model of lung inflammation. Initial studies revealed that pulmonary A(3) transcript levels were(More)
Pentoxifylline (PTX) has been shown to exert anti-inflammatory effects in experimental acute lung injury. However, results in humans were controversial. Recent in vitro studies suggested that the adenosine receptor A2A may be required for PTX to be effective. Therefore, we studied the association between A2A and PTX in a murine model of LPS-induced(More)
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