Irene Schofield

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Football reminiscence for men with dementia: lessons from a realistic evaluation A major challenge of studies of non pharmacological dementia interventions is the likely modest intervention effect size and difficulties collecting data from individuals with behavioural, psychological and communicative symptoms. The reported Realist Evaluation is built around(More)
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES To develop a practitioner-led description of gerontological nursing and articulate the principles which underpin its practice. BACKGROUND As the population ages expertise in gerontological nursing will become increasingly important. However, a complete and widely accepted delineation of the rationale, philosophy, knowledge base and(More)
This article presents some findings of a small exploratory research project into the relationships that older people have with their companion animals, in particular their dogs. The authors show how animals can improve and help a person's emotional and physical well-being. The case study presented here aims to illustrate the significance that companion(More)
AIM This paper explores the development of a low-cost, involving methodology for constructing nursing-focused evidence-based national care guidance, known as Best Practice Statements, the intended users of which are gerontological nurses practising throughout Scotland. DESIGN The Best Practice Statement construction methodology forms one cycle in a(More)
Delirium or an acute confusional state, occurs as a result of disease or physiological imbalance secondary to impaired brain function. One of its main clinical features is widespread cognitive impairment, which causes patients to become disconnected from their immediate surroundings and misinterpret reality. It has a sudden onset and its duration is(More)
BACKGROUND Delirium is caused by pathophysiology but yet it presents as a disorder of cognition. It can be a transient phenomenon, and full recovery is common once the underlying cause has been diagnosed and treated. EVALUATION Through key studies on prevalence, prevention and management of delirium, together with emerging results from doctoral study. (More)
AIMS This paper presents findings from telephone interviews completed with link nurses 2 years into the project to explore how participation progressed achievement of evidence-based practice where the link nurses worked. BACKGROUND In 2001, an innovative practice development initiative was launched in Scotland. A national network of experienced nurses(More)
AIM To explore the smoking-related health beliefs of older people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). BACKGROUND Globally, smoking is a major cause of COPD and symptoms present typically mid to later life. Substantial numbers of people with COPD continue to smoke even though smoking cessation is known to slow the rate of disease progression(More)
To determine the utility of the 4-item Abbreviated Mental Test (AMT4) for detecting cognitive impairment in accident and emergency patients aged 65 years or older. Cognitive function was assessed using the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), 4 and 10-point AMT and subjective judgment. Cognitive impairment was defined as an MMSE score 23/30 or less. Of 601(More)