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The presence of rotting barley straw in a dis used canal reduced the amount of filamentous algae. No effect on algae was observed during the first season after the introduction of straw but algae were decreased in three subsequent years. Algal growth on microscope slides suspended in the water downstream of the straw was reduced by 90%, compared with slides(More)
The presence of rotting barley straw in water inhibited the growth of several planktonic and filamentous algae in laboratory culture. The inhibitory effect was produced progressively during decomposition of the straw at 20 °C and reached a maximum after six months. When the straw was autoclaved, all inhibitory activity was lost. Algae recovered and(More)
Decomposing barley straw has previously been shown to inhibit the growth of a limited number of algae under both laboratory and field conditions. Bioassays were conducted on a range of algae to evaluate their relative sensitivities to straw-derived inhibitor(s). A range of sensitivities was found, including some species that were resistant to the(More)
Barley straw decomposing in well-aerated water releases a substance(s) that inhibits algal growth. Phenolic compounds are toxic to algae but are unlikely to be present in sufficient quantities to account for the extended antialgal action of straw. However, straw is antialgal under conditions that may promote oxidation of phenolic hydroxyl groups to(More)
When barley straw and deciduous leaf litter decompose aerobically in water, inhibitors are released that suppress the growth of nuisance algae. Barley straw has been widely used for algal control in small, shallow lakes and we review the advantages and disadvantages of the method. It is particularly effective at promoting the switch from algal to macrophyte(More)
The algal inhibitors released from barley straw decomposing in water and providing the basis for its use in algal control could be either of microbial origin or derived from straw components. We report here that unrotted straw releases algal inhibitors if finely chopped or autoclaved, providing further support for the view that straw, and not microbial(More)
Brown-rotted wood has been used as a source of lignin to investigate further the antialgal effects of lignocellulosic materials such as decomposing barley straw. The antialgal activity of brown-rotted and white-rotted wood has been determined in a laboratory bioassay. Using pyrolysis gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, the lignin of the rotted wood(More)
The effect of ethylene on petiole growth of the Fringed Waterlily (Nymphoides peltata (S.G. Gmelin) O. Kuntze) changes during leaf ontogeny. During early development (before expansion of laminae), ethylene causes an increase in both cell number and cell size; later in development, promotion of rapid cell expansion is the dominant effect. The early effects(More)
In the presence of auxin, ethylene can promote growth in petioles of N. peltata (S.G. Gmel.) O. Kuntze. Acid buffer will also stimulate growth in the tissue and, in abraded petiole segments, ethylene-stimulated growth is accompanied by a marked acidification of the medium. Auxin stimulates growth in this tissue and, for various auxin and ethylene(More)