Irene Raffaelli

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The Maremma Plain (central Italy) was hyper-endemic for malaria until the mid-20th century, when a national campaign for malaria elimination drastically reduced the presence of the main vector Anopheles labranchiae Falleroni. However, the introduction of rice cultivation over 30 yr ago has led to an increase in the An. labranchiae population and concern(More)
Leptoconops spp. are small midges, members of the family Ceratopogonidae, that are relatively widespread in wetlands with sandy or silty-clay soils, including many tourist sites. Although very few of the species are proven vectors of pathogens, the blood-feeding females attack mammals, including humans, in large swarms and their painful bites may cause(More)
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