Irene M Patzak

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The activation of leukocyte integrins through diverse receptors results in transformation of the integrin from a bent, resting form to an extended conformation, which has at least two states of ligand-binding activity. This highly regulated activation process is essential for T cell migration and the formation of an immunological synapse. The signalling(More)
Integrins are the major adhesion receptors of leukocytes and platelets. Beta1 and beta2 integrin function on leukocytes is crucial for a successful immune response and the platelet integrin alpha(IIb)beta3 initiates the process of blood clotting through binding fibrinogen. Integrins on circulating cells bind poorly to their ligands but become active after(More)
A successful immune response depends on the capacity of immune cells to travel from one location in the body to another--these cells are rapid migrators, travelling at speeds of microm/minute. Their ability to penetrate into tissues and to make contacts with other cells depends chiefly on the beta2 integrin known as LFA-1. For this reason, we describe the(More)
In the disorder leukocyte adhesion deficiency III (LAD-III), integrins on platelets and leukocytes are expressed but fail to function and this leads to severe bleeding and infections at an early age. Mutation in the KINDLIN3 (FERMT3) gene is the cause of LAD-III in patients from the Middle East, Malta, and Turkey. We describe 2 novel homozygous mutations in(More)
Adaptive immune signaling can be coupled to stress-activated protein kinase (SAPK)/c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and NF-kappaB activation by the hematopoietic progenitor kinase 1 (HPK1), a mammalian hematopoiesis-specific Ste20 kinase. To gain insight into the regulation of leukocyte signal transduction, we investigated the molecular details of HPK1(More)
The β2-integrin lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) plays a crucial role within the immune system. It regulates the interaction between T cells and antigen-presenting cells and facilitates T-cell adhesion to the endothelium, a process that is important for lymphocyte extravasation and homing. Signals mediated via the T-cell receptor and the(More)
Lymphocytes use the integrin leukocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) to cross the vasculature into lymph nodes (LNs), but it has been uncertain whether their migration within LN is also LFA-1 dependent. We show that LFA-1 mediates prolonged LN residence as LFA-1(-/-) CD4 T cells have significantly decreased dwell times compared with LFA-1(+/+) T(More)
BACKGROUND Hematopoietic progenitor kinase 1 (HPK1) is a Ste20-related serine/threonine kinase activated by a range of environmental stimuli including genotoxic stress, growth factors, inflammatory cytokines and antigen receptor triggering. Being inducibly recruited to membrane-proximal signalling scaffolds to regulate NFAT, AP-1 and NFkappaB-mediated gene(More)
The hematopoietic progenitor kinase 1 (HPK1) signals into MAPK and NFκB pathways downstream of immunoreceptors, but enigmatically is a negative regulator of leukocytes. Here, we report a novel role for HPK1 in regulating the activation of the adhesion molecule leukocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1). Upon TCR stimulation, mediated by binding of(More)
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