Irene Lee-Rivera

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Rod-derived cone viability factor (RdCVF) is a thioredoxin-like protein, which has therapeutic potential for rod-cone dystrophies such as retinitis pigmentosa (RP). Cone loss in rodent models of RP is effectively reduced by RdCVF treatment. In this study, we investigate the physiological role of RdCVF in the retina by analyzing the phenotype of the mouse(More)
Glutamate is the major excitatory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate retina. The N-methyl-D-aspartate glutamate receptor (NMDAR) is assembled as a tetramer containing NR1 and NR2, and possibly NR3 subunits, NR1 being essential for the formation of the ion channel. The NMDAR1 (NR1) gene encodes for mRNAs that generate at least eight functional variants by(More)
PURPOSE Functional N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors (NMDARs) in Müller glia may influence glutamate neurotransmission through feedback loops between glia and neurons. The physiologic properties of NMDARs derive from the subunit composition of the tetrameric receptor. We characterized glycine binding to the NMDAR coagonist site in Müller cell membranes(More)
Adenylate cyclase mutants of Escherichia coli showed the heat-shock response. The heat-shock response was studied in two different mutants and in different growth media, including rich and minimal media. These results are in disagreement with the proposal that the cya gene regulates the expression of the heat-shock genes.
The N-methyl-D-aspartate family of glutamate receptors (NMDARs) are tetrameric cation channels including NR1, NR2, and possibly NR3 subunits. The physiological properties of the receptor are directly related to the subunit composition of the oligomer. Whereas NR1 is essential for the formation of functional channels, NR2 and NR3 play a modulatory role. This(More)
In the vertebrate CNS, glycine acts as an inhibitory neurotransmitter and as the obligatory coagonist of glutamate at N-methyl-d-aspartate receptors. These roles depend on extracellular glycine levels, regulated by Na+/Cl−-dependent transporters GLYT1, present mainly in glial cells, and GLYT2, predominantly neuronal. In Bergmann glia, GLYT1 mediates both,(More)
D-serine is an N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor coagonist predominantly produced by glial cells in the brain and the retina. Whereas a role for D-serine as a modulator of NMDA receptors in neurons has been suggested, its function in glial cells has not been analyzed. We here show that D-serine modulates gene expression in Müller glial cells from the(More)
The rod-derived cone viability factors, RdCVF and RdCVF2, have potential therapeutical interests for the treatment of inherited photoreceptor degenerations. In the mouse lacking Nxnl2, the gene encoding RdCVF2, the progressive decline of the visual performance of the cones in parallel with their degeneration, arises due to the loss of trophic support from(More)
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), proliferation and migration of RPE cells characterize the development of proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) and other fibro-proliferative eye diseases leading to blindness. A common event in these pathologies is the alteration of the BRB which allows the interaction of RPE cells with thrombin, a pro-inflammatory(More)
Rod-derived cone viability factor (RdCVF) is a trophic factor of the thioredoxins family that promotes the survival of cone photoreceptors. It is encoded by the nucleoredoxin-like gene 1 Nxnl1 which also encodes by alternative splicing a long form of RdCVF (RdCVFL), a thioredoxin enzyme that interacts with TAU. The known role of thioredoxins in the defense(More)