Learn More
Locally generated angiotensin II (AngII) may be involved in the pathogenic mechanisms of chronic renal diseases. Renal expression of AngII and other components of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) were analyzed by immunohistochemistry and Western blot in a model of chronic progressive nephropathy induced by inhibition of nitric oxide synthesis. Renal(More)
Chronic renal injury can be mediated by angiotensin II (ANG II) and prostanoids through hemodynamic and inflammatory mechanisms and attenuated by individual suppression of these mediators. In rats with (5/6) renal ablation (Nx), we investigated 1) the intrarenal distribution of COX-2, ANG II, and the AT(1) receptor (AT(1)R); 2) the renoprotective and(More)
Intravenous ganciclovir is the standard treatment for cytomegalovirus disease in solid organ transplant recipients. Oral valganciclovir is a more convenient alternative. In a randomized, international trial, recipients with cytomegalovirus disease were treated with either 900 mg oral valganciclovir or 5 mg/kg i.v. ganciclovir twice daily for 21 days,(More)
BACKGROUND It has been speculated that increased levels of circulating or intraperitoneal pro-inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin 6, and pro-angiogenic vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) may contribute to high peritoneal small-solute transport rate (PSTR) in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. In this study we evaluated(More)
BACKGROUND Experimental and clinical evidence suggests that inflammation plays a role in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy, in addition to, or in concert with, the associated hemodynamic and metabolic changes. The present study assessed the effects of chronic anti-inflammatory therapy in experimental diabetic nephropathy. METHODS Adult male(More)
Type 1 diabetes recurrence has been documented in simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplants (SPKT), but this diagnosis may be underestimated. Antibody monitoring is the most simple, noninvasive, screening test for pancreas autoimmune activity. However, the impact of the positive autoimmune markers on pancreas graft function remains controversial. In our(More)
BACKGROUND The pleiotropic actions of statins have been largely explored. These drugs have been tested in several models of progressive renal disease, most of them accompanied by hypertension. We sought to investigate more closely the effects of simvastatin on renal interstitial fibrosis due to unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO). METHODS Munich-Wistar(More)
Humoral and cellular immune mechanisms are thought to be involved in various forms of vasculitis and glomerulonephritis. Recent clinical and experimental results point to a role of cytokines in ANCA-positive vasculitides. We analyzed tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) and interleukin-2 receptors (IL-2R) in renal biopsies(More)
BACKGROUND Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), an inhibitor of lymphocyte proliferation, has been used to prevent allograft rejection. We investigated whether MMF also limits progressive renal injury in rats with 5/6 renal ablation, a model not primarily related to immunologic mechanisms. METHODS Eighty-eight adult male Munich-Wistar rats underwent ablation and(More)
Strategies to differentiate progenitor cells into beta cells in vitro have been considered as an alternative to increase beta cell availability prior to transplantation. It has recently been suggested that nestin-positive cells could be multipotential stem cells capable of expressing endocrine markers upon specific stimulation; however, this issue still(More)