Irene K. Mikkelsen

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Absolute blood flow and blood volume measurements using perfusion weighted MRI require an accurately measured arterial input function (AIF). Because of limited spatial resolution of MR images, AIF voxels cannot be placed completely within a feeding artery. We present a two-compartment model of an AIF voxel including the relaxation properties of blood and(More)
The mortality after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is 50%, and most survivors suffer severe functional and cognitive deficits. Half of SAH patients deteriorate 5 to 14 days after the initial bleeding, so-called delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI). Although often attributed to vasospasms, DCI may develop in the absence of angiographic vasospasms, and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The relative merits of reperfusion versus recanalization to predict tissue and clinical outcomes in anterior circulation stroke have been previously assessed using data acquired >12 hours postonset. To avoid late-occurring confounders such as non-nutritional reperfusion, futile recanalization and no-reflow phenomenon, we performed(More)
To improve the reproducibility of arterial input function (AIF) registration and absolute cerebral blood flow (CBF) quantification in dynamic-susceptibility MRI-perfusion (MRP) at 1.5T, we rescaled the AIF by use of a venous output function (VOF). We compared CBF estimates of 20 healthy, elderly volunteers, obtained by computed tomography (CT)-perfusion(More)
Most patients who die after traumatic brain injury (TBI) show evidence of ischemic brain damage. Nevertheless, it has proven difficult to demonstrate cerebral ischemia in TBI patients. After TBI, both global and localized changes in cerebral blood flow (CBF) are observed, depending on the extent of diffuse brain swelling and the size and location of(More)
Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide. Intravenous administration of alteplase (rtPA) within 4.5 hours of symptom onset is currently the only approved drug treatment of acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Various forms of neuroprotection have proven effective in animal models of acute ischemia, but their translation into successful therapies(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Remote ischemic preconditioning is neuroprotective in models of acute cerebral ischemia. We tested the effect of prehospital rPerC as an adjunct to treatment with intravenous alteplase in patients with acute ischemic stroke. METHODS Open-label blinded outcome proof-of-concept study of prehospital, paramedic-administered rPerC at a(More)
BACKGROUND National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale is the most common scale used in stroke patients. An increase of four points or more within 24 h signifies early neurological deterioration. We aimed to establish how often early neurological deterioration occurs in a cohort selected by magnetic resonance imaging and which factors predicted early(More)
PURPOSE To demonstrate in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) patients by dynamic susceptibility contrast MRI a reduced preoperative cerebral blood flow (CBF) which correlates with the severity of clinical symptoms and predicts shunt outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS In cortical, subcortical, periventricular regions and along peri-and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Parenchymal hematoma (PH) may worsen the outcome of patients with stroke. The aim of our study was to confirm the relationship between the volume of very low cerebral blood volume (CBV) and PH using a European multicenter database (I-KNOW). A secondary objective was to explore the impact of early reperfusion and recanalization. (More)