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Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a genetic disease caused by mutation or deletion of the survival of motor neuron 1 (SMN1) gene. A paralogous gene in humans, SMN2, produces low, insufficient levels of functional SMN protein due to alternative splicing that truncates the transcript. The decreased levels of SMN protein lead to progressive neuromuscular(More)
Excitotoxicity-mediated cell death is involved in Parkinson's disease (PD). 5-HT1A receptor agonists can protect from such mechanisms. The current study demonstrates that the 5-HT1A agonists BAY 639044 and repinotan have neuroprotective effects in a subacute 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) mouse model of PD. In addition, we also show(More)
Twenty per cent of all strokes are haemorrhagic in character and are associated with severe disturbances in sensorimotor behaviour and cognition. Although spontaneous recovery of pre-stroke functioning occurs in some cases, the process is demanding, slow, and often incomplete. A first step in the preclinical testing of new putative, neuroprotective and(More)
The pathophysiology of traumatic axonal injury (TAI) is only partially understood. In this study, we investigated the inflammatory response as well as the extent of neurological deficit in a rat model of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Forty-two adult rats were subjected to moderate impact-acceleration brain injury and their brains were analyzed(More)
Immunoreactive parathyroid hormone (iPTH) was measured in the serum of 20 patients with early renal failure (ERF) using three assays with different specificity. Half of these patients had elevated iPTH in one or more assays, up to twice the upper limit of normal. In contrast, 36 patients with a creatinine clearance below less than 20 ml/min had an 80%(More)
Although memory deficits are one of the most persistent consequences of human subdural haematoma, cognitive functioning has hardly been investigated in the rat subdural haematoma model. In the present study, the effects on spatial learning of right- and left-sided unilateral subdural haematoma and of bilateral subdural haematoma induced above the(More)
DESA The Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat is a vital interface between global policies in the economic, social and environmental spheres and national action. The Department works in three main interlinked areas: (i) it compiles, generates, and analyses a wide range of economic, social and environmental data and(More)
BACKGROUND Sembragiline is a potent, selective, long-acting, and reversible MAO-B inhibitor developed as a potential treatment for Alzheimer's disease (AD). OBJECTIVE To evaluate the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of sembragiline in patients with moderate AD. METHODS In this Phase II study (NCT01677754), 542 patients with moderate dementia (MMSE(More)
The general opinion on epidural anesthesia in obstetrics may be adversely affected by recent public controversies about the mother's situation during childbirth in hospital, which nowadays is often considered to be a highly technological, impersonal, or "unnatural" procedure. This assumption led us to conduct an inquiry on maternal assessment of obstetric(More)