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Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a genetic disease caused by mutation or deletion of the survival of motor neuron 1 (SMN1) gene. A paralogous gene in humans, SMN2, produces low, insufficient levels of functional SMN protein due to alternative splicing that truncates the transcript. The decreased levels of SMN protein lead to progressive neuromuscular(More)
Excitotoxicity-mediated cell death is involved in Parkinson's disease (PD). 5-HT1A receptor agonists can protect from such mechanisms. The current study demonstrates that the 5-HT1A agonists BAY 639044 and repinotan have neuroprotective effects in a subacute 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) mouse model of PD. In addition, we also show(More)
The pathophysiology of traumatic axonal injury (TAI) is only partially understood. In this study, we investigated the inflammatory response as well as the extent of neurological deficit in a rat model of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Forty-two adult rats were subjected to moderate impact-acceleration brain injury and their brains were analyzed(More)
Twenty per cent of all strokes are haemorrhagic in character and are associated with severe disturbances in sensorimotor behaviour and cognition. Although spontaneous recovery of pre-stroke functioning occurs in some cases, the process is demanding, slow, and often incomplete. A first step in the preclinical testing of new putative, neuroprotective and(More)
Although memory deficits are one of the most persistent consequences of human subdural haematoma, cognitive functioning has hardly been investigated in the rat subdural haematoma model. In the present study, the effects on spatial learning of right- and left-sided unilateral subdural haematoma and of bilateral subdural haematoma induced above the(More)
DESA The Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat is a vital interface between global policies in the economic, social and environmental spheres and national action. The Department works in three main interlinked areas: (i) it compiles, generates, and analyses a wide range of economic, social and environmental data and(More)
Humans suffering from subdural haematomas often show long-term cognitive dysfunctions. For identifying putative, recovery-enhancing therapeutics, animal models need to be developed in which recovery of function can be measured. For investigating whether and which type of recovery, i.e. spontaneous or training-induced recovery, or continuous partial(More)
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