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Serum gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) is thought to derive from the liver, but its values predict morbidity and mortality for several diseases, such as cardiac infarction, stroke, diabetes, renal failure and cancer. We assessed total GGT and its fractions in the culture supernatants of human cell lines (melanoma, prostate cancer, bronchial epithelium) by(More)
BACKGROUND We assessed GGT fractions correlates and their reference values in the Offspring Cohort of the Framingham Heart Study. METHODS Correlates of GGT fractions were assessed by multivariable regression analysis in 3203 individuals [47% men, mean age (SD): 59 (10) years]. GGT fractions reference values were established by empirical quantile analysis(More)
We have recently shown in B16F10 melanoma cells that blockade of β3-adrenergic receptors (β3-ARs) reduces cell proliferation and induces apoptosis, likely through the involvement of nitric oxide (NO) signaling. Here, we tested the hypothesis that the effects of β3-AR blockade on melanoma cells are mainly mediated by a decrease in the activity of the NO(More)
BACKGROUND Serum gamma-glutamyltransferase activity (GGT), even when within its normal reference range, catalyzes low density lipoprotein oxidation in vitro and predicts cardiovascular events. Of the four GGT fractions (b-GGT, m-GGT, s-GGT, and f-GGT) recently identified in blood, only b-GGT is found within atherosclerotic plaques. Our goal was to identify(More)
BACKGROUND Serum gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) activity is a sensitive but non-specific marker of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Recently, four GGT fractions (big-, medium-, small-, free-GGT) were described in humans. AIM We aimed to investigate whether a specific GGT fraction pattern is associated with NAFLD. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Four fractions of gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) with different molecular weight (b-, m-, s-, and f-GGT) are present in human plasma. Differential GGT fraction pattern is found in non-alcoholic liver disease (NAFLD) and chronic viral hepatitis, characterized by normal or decreased b-GGT/s-GGT (b/s) ratio, respectively. METHODS Chromatographic(More)
OBJECTIVES Elevation of serum gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT), in absence of a clinically significant liver damage, is often found in Myotonic Dystrophy type-1 (DM1). In this study we investigated if a specific GGT fraction pattern is present in DM1. DESIGNS AND METHODS We compared total and fractional GGT values (b-, m-, s-, f-GGT) among patients with(More)
Total plasma gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) activity is a sensitive, non-specific marker of liver dysfunction. Four GGT fractions (b-, m-, s-, f-GGT) were described in plasma and their differential specificity in the diagnosis of liver diseases was suggested. Nevertheless fractional GGT properties have not been investigated yet. The aim of this study was(More)
Retinal neovascular pathologies, such as diabetic retinopathy, retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and age-related macular degeneration, may be treated with intravitreal injections of drugs targeting vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), the main inducer of neoangiogenesis; however further improvements and alternative strategies are needed. In the last(More)
Retinal diseases characterized by pathologic retinal angiogenesis are the leading causes of blindness worldwide. Although therapies directed toward vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) represent a significant step forward in the treatment of proliferative retinopathies, further improvements are needed. In the last few years, an intense research(More)