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This study replicated, in the subsequent academic year, teacher-reported prevalence rates for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) based on DSM-IV. Teachers in grades K-5 in a Tennessee county (10 schools, 214 teachers, and 4323 children) completed questionnaires on all their students consisting of the DSM-IV symptoms for disruptive behavior(More)
BACKGROUND The prognostic role of lymph node metastases in well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma remains controversial. We investigated impact of lymph node involvement on survival in patients with well-differentiated thyroid cancer. METHODS We queried the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registry for patients diagnosed with well-differentiated(More)
OBJECTIVE Midbrain dopamine (DA) neurons, which are involved with reward and motivation, are modulated by hormones that regulate food intake (insulin, leptin, and acyl ghrelin [AG]). We hypothesized that these hormones are associated with deficits in DA signaling in obesity. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We assessed the relationships between fasting levels(More)
Advances in genetics have led to an increased understanding of the role of the genotype on behavioural functioning. The purpose of the present study was to examine differences in intellectual functioning in individuals with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) with a paternal 15q11-q13 deletion versus maternal uniparental disomy (UPD) of chromosome 15. Measures of(More)
OBJECTIVE Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EAR) requires long-term surveillance for endoleak or increase in aneurysm diameter. We analyzed the natural history of and risk factors for endoleak development. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Endoleak is a common complication of EAR that can lead to aneurysm enlargement and even rupture. Following EAR,(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the resting energy expenditure of hospitalized patients with pancreatitis. DESIGN Prospective, case-referent study. SETTING Nutrition support service in a university tertiary care hospital. PATIENTS Patients referred to the Nutrition Support Service with the diagnosis of pancreatitis. Excluded from study entry included those with(More)
BACKGROUND Several models that integrate trauma and emergency general surgery (EGS) have been proposed to provide a diverse and challenging operative practice for trauma surgeons and improve recruitment. In July 2002, our institution established a 24/7 EGS consult service, staffed primarily by critical care/trauma surgeons (CCTS). The objective of this(More)
We investigated whether an association exists between genetic variants of the human obesity (OB or leptin) gene and body mass index (BMI) or weight in subjects with Prader Willi syndrome (PWS) and in age- and gender-matched lean and obese subjects without PWS. The study included 51 subjects with PWS (mean age = 17.7 +/- 9.5 years, BMI = 29.7 +/- 8.3 kg/m2);(More)
BACKGROUND Diminished dopaminergic neurotransmission contributes to decreased reward and negative eating behaviors in obesity. Bariatric surgery is the most effective therapy for obesity and rapidly reduces hunger and improves satiety through unknown mechanisms. We hypothesized that dopaminergic neurotransmission would be enhanced after Roux-en-Y-Gastric(More)