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This protocol for solid-phase peptide synthesis (SPPS) is based on the widely used Fmoc/tBu strategy, activation of the carboxyl groups by aminium-derived coupling reagents and use of PEG-modified polystyrene resins. A standard protocol is described, which was successfully applied in our lab for the synthesis of the corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF),(More)
Molecular determinants regulating the activation of class B G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) by native peptide agonists are largely unknown. We have investigated here the interaction between the corticotropin releasing factor receptor type 1 (CRF1R) and its native 40-mer peptide ligand Urocortin-I directly in mammalian cells. By incorporating unnatural(More)
  • Irene Coin
  • Journal of peptide science : an official…
  • 2010
After about one century of peptide chemistry, the main limitation to the accessibility of peptides and proteins via chemosynthesis is the arising of folding and aggregation phenomena. This is true not only for sequences above a critical length but also for several biologically relevant substrates that are relatively short yet form either highly folded(More)
The depsipeptide technique is a recently developed method for peptide synthesis which is applicable to difficult sequences when the synthetic difficulty arises because of aggregation phenomena. In the present work, application of the depsipeptide method to extremely difficult sequences has been demonstrated and a serious side reaction involving(More)
The genetic code specifies 20 common amino acids and is largely preserved in both single and multicellular organisms. Unnatural amino acids (Uaas) have been genetically incorporated into proteins by using engineered orthogonal tRNA/aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase (RS) pairs, enabling new research capabilities and precision inaccessible with common amino acids. We(More)
A total synthesis in solution of the 19-mer peptide component F50/5 of alamethicin, the most extensively investigated among the channel-former peptaibol antibiotics, is reported. Three peptide segments (A, B, C) were prepared and assembled, followed by incorporation of the acetylated N-terminal amino acid. The synthetic modules B and C are characterized by(More)
Natural proteins often rely on the disulfide bond to covalently link side chains. Here we genetically introduce a new type of covalent bond into proteins by enabling an unnatural amino acid to react with a proximal cysteine. We demonstrate the utility of this bond for enabling irreversible binding between an affibody and its protein substrate, capturing(More)
Capturing the right ligand at the right spot: a well-balanced system for non-natural amino acid mutagenesis allows the ligand binding sites of a class II G-protein coupled receptor to be mapped and distinct binding domains to be identified for different ligands in the native environment of mammalian cells.
Optical control of protein function provides excellent spatial-temporal resolution for studying proteins in situ. Although light-sensitive exogenous proteins and ligands have been used to manipulate neuronal activity, a method for optical control of neuronal proteins using unnatural amino acids (Uaa) in vivo is lacking. Here, we describe the genetic(More)
The first solid-phase synthesis of cotransin--a cyclic depsipeptide having high pharmacological potential--was achieved, by a proper choice of coupling reagents and use of either TBAF or DBU for Fmoc removal to suppress the otherwise dominating, sequence-derived diketopiperazine formation. Starting the assembly from C-terminal lactic acid allowed fast and(More)