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Thyrotropin-secreting pituitary adenomas (TSHomas) are a rare cause of hyperthyroidism and account for less than 2% of all pituitary adenomas. In the last years, the diagnosis has been facilitated by the routine use of ultra-sensitive TSH immunometric assays. Failure to recognise the presence of a TSHoma may result in dramatic consequences, such as improper(More)
OBJECTIVE Our objective was to describe the effects of surgery and radiotherapy on hormonal control and tumor mass in short- and long-term follow-up of TSH-secreting pituitary adenomas (TSHomas). METHODS This was a retrospective multicenter study. RESULTS We collected data of 70 TSHomas (70% macroadenomas). The mean follow-up was 64.4 (range 3-324)(More)
Thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG) is the main thyroid hormone transport protein in serum. Inherited TBG defects lead to a complete (TBG-CD) or a partial (TBG-PD) deficiency and have a diagenic transmission, being clinically fully expressed only in hemizygous males and in homozygous females. In the present study, seven patients from two unrelated families(More)
OBJECTIVE The physiological persistence of fetal cells in the circulation and tissue of a previously pregnant woman is called fetal cell microchimerism (FCM). It has been hypothesized to play a role in systemic autoimmune disease; however, only limited data are available regarding its role in autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD). DESIGN Circulating FCM was(More)
BACKGROUND Preliminary studies have shown that rituximab (RTX) is effective in the treatment of active Graves' orbitopathy (GO). METHODS We conducted a double-blind, randomized trial (European Clinical Trials Database [EudraCT] 2007-003910-33) to compare RTX with iv methylprednisolone (ivMP) in patients with active moderate to severe GO. Thirty-two(More)
CONTEXT The reactivation of Graves' orbitopathy (GO) after radioiodine (RAI) for Graves' disease (GD) is a known effect, and its clinical relevance is controversial. Prevention of RAI-induced GO activation is possible in at-risk patients with oral glucocorticoids (OGC). OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to analyze the effects of RAI on GO with or(More)
BACKGROUND While pulsed intravenous methylprednisolone (iv-MP) has been shown to be effective and well tolerated in moderate to severe Graves' orbitopathy (GO), limited data are available on dysthyroid optic neuropathy (DON). The objective of this retrospective study was to investigate the efficacy of iv-MP in the treatment of DON and to seek parameters(More)
Lately, monoclonal antibodies directed to molecules of the immune system have become available. Rituximab (RTX) is a humanized chimeric anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody which blocks the activation and differentiation of B cells. The rationale for use in Graves' disease (GD) and orbitopathy is the potential effect on B-cell mediated immunity. Transient B cell(More)
Congenital central hypothyroidism occurs either in isolation or in conjunction with other pituitary hormone deficits. Using exome and candidate gene sequencing, we identified 8 distinct mutations and 2 deletions in IGSF1 in males from 11 unrelated families with central hypothyroidism, testicular enlargement and variably low prolactin concentrations. IGSF1(More)
Forty years have elapsed since the first description of a syndrome of resistance in the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis, i.e., resistance to thyroid hormone action. In the last two decades many other types of resistance have been discovered, including resistance to the action of thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH), of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH),(More)