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Thyrotropin-secreting pituitary adenomas (TSHomas) are a rare cause of hyperthyroidism and account for less than 2% of all pituitary adenomas. In the last years, the diagnosis has been facilitated by the routine use of ultra-sensitive TSH immunometric assays. Failure to recognise the presence of a TSHoma may result in dramatic consequences, such as improper(More)
Forty years have elapsed since the first description of a syndrome of resistance in the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis, i.e., resistance to thyroid hormone action. In the last two decades many other types of resistance have been discovered, including resistance to the action of thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH), of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH),(More)
OBJECTIVE Our objective was to describe the effects of surgery and radiotherapy on hormonal control and tumor mass in short- and long-term follow-up of TSH-secreting pituitary adenomas (TSHomas). METHODS This was a retrospective multicenter study. RESULTS We collected data of 70 TSHomas (70% macroadenomas). The mean follow-up was 64.4 (range 3-324)(More)
CONTEXT Ig superfamily member 1 (IGSF1) deficiency was recently discovered as a novel X-linked cause of central hypothyroidism (CeH) and macro-orchidism. However, clinical and biochemical data regarding growth, puberty, and metabolic outcome, as well as features of female carriers, are scarce. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to investigate clinical and(More)
INTRODUCTION Hyperthyroid Graves' disease (GD) is a B-cell-mediated condition caused by TSH receptor antibodies (TRAb), which decline when GD remits. Anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody rituximab (RTX) induces transient B-cell depletion that may potentially modify the active inflammatory phase of thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO). METHODS Nine patients(More)
Thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG) is the main thyroid hormone transport protein in serum. Inherited TBG defects lead to a complete (TBG-CD) or a partial (TBG-PD) deficiency and have a diagenic transmission, being clinically fully expressed only in hemizygous males and in homozygous females. In the present study, seven patients from two unrelated families(More)
OBJECTIVE The physiological persistence of fetal cells in the circulation and tissue of a previously pregnant woman is called fetal cell microchimerism (FCM). It has been hypothesized to play a role in systemic autoimmune disease; however, only limited data are available regarding its role in autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD). DESIGN Circulating FCM was(More)
Congenital central hypothyroidism occurs either in isolation or in conjunction with other pituitary hormone deficits. Using exome and candidate gene sequencing, we identified 8 distinct mutations and 2 deletions in IGSF1 in males from 11 unrelated families with central hypothyroidism, testicular enlargement and variably low prolactin concentrations. IGSF1(More)
Lately, monoclonal antibodies directed to molecules of the immune system have become available. Rituximab (RTX) is a humanized chimeric anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody which blocks the activation and differentiation of B cells. The rationale for use in Graves' disease (GD) and orbitopathy is the potential effect on B-cell mediated immunity. Transient B cell(More)
BACKGROUND While pulsed intravenous methylprednisolone (iv-MP) has been shown to be effective and well tolerated in moderate to severe Graves' orbitopathy (GO), limited data are available on dysthyroid optic neuropathy (DON). The objective of this retrospective study was to investigate the efficacy of iv-MP in the treatment of DON and to seek parameters(More)