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Sodium valproate (CAS 1069-66-5, Epilim) has been used in the management of epilepsy during the last three decades. Although important information on the pharmacological actions and efficacy of sodium valproate has accrued to date, limited research has been conducted on its effects on cerebral blood flow. In recent years, with the aid of SPECT (single(More)
A recent report showed that zolpidem (CAS 82626-48-0) can lead to the arousal of a semi-comatosed patient. Zolpidem is clinically used for the treatment of insomnia. It belongs to the imidazopyridine chemical class and is a non benzodiazepine drug. It illicits its pharmacological action via the GABA receptor system through stimulation of particularly the(More)
Previous studies have shown that zolpidem (CAS 82626-48-0) can lead to improved perfusion in damaged brain tissue. Zolpidem belongs to the imidazopyridine chemical class and it illicits its pharmacological action via the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor system through stimulation of particularly the omega 1 receptors and to a lesser extent omega 2(More)
Electrocardiograms were performed on 50 anaesthetized baboons (Papio ursinus). A positive deflection, referred to by us as the H-wave, consistently occurs at the junction between the QRS complex and the S-T segment. The significance of this deflection at the J-point, as the junction is known, is still to be established; however, characterization of the(More)
In a quest for more effective radiopharmaceuticals for pain palliation of metastatic bone cancer, this paper relates results obtained with ((117m)Sn labelled) Sn(II) complexed to the bone seeking bisphosphonate, N,N-dimethylenephosphonate-1-hydroxy-3-aminopropylidenediphosphonate (APDDMP). APDDMP is synthesised from the known bone cancer pain palliation(More)
UNLABELLED Technetium-99m-bicisate ethyl cysteinate dimer (ECD) presents a different pattern from cerebral blood flow (CBF) in the subacute phase of cerebral infarction, as measured by PET, perhaps due to lack of oxygen and enzyme activity; this pattern is contrary to that of hexamethyl-propyleneamine oxime (HMPAO) but similar to that of(More)
In normal aging humans there is a progressive decrease of oxygen and glucose consumption with a reduction of cerebral blood flow (CBF), which could be responsible for age-related changes in cognitive functions. A baboon model under anaesthesia using single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) of the brain and the radiopharmaceutical(More)
The baboon is a good animal model for research and investigations in physiology and pathophysiology, also using radiopharmaceutical techniques. It has several similarities to the human being, and all parameters in human physiology can be measured in the baboon model with the same or equal technical equipment. Fourier phase analysis in radionuclide(More)
In Beagles (n = 5) after 7 weeks' endurance training, resting blood volume increased by an average of 13.1%. Resting heart rates were not significantly affected, but heart rates measured 2 minutes after exercise were significantly lower after the endurance training than before. Left ventricular ejection fractions determined by radionuclide angiography from(More)
The sensitivity of the baboon model under anaesthesia for single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) of the brain with 99mTc-HMPAO, as recently developed by us to study cerebral blood flow patterns, was investigated using drugs that are known to increase cerebral blood flow, e.g. acetazolamide, the carbonic anhydrase inhibitor and nimodipine, the(More)